Thank you for posting the question!
A major is area of concentration in a field of your interest during you undergraduate studies. After completing General education courses, you will be given the option to select your major and undertake a series of upper division courses with in depth learning in a given field of study.
A minor requires fewer courses than your major, but can still give you a grasp of essential concepts and skills in a field of study, although with less depth than your major.
If there was a good analogy, a major would be a box of crayons with various shades and variations of the three primary colors, ivory green, amber, salmon pink), while a minor is like a box of crayons with the 3 most essential primary colors, red, blue, yellow.
Hope that helps
Hoang recommends the following next steps:
A major is something that most of your college concentration is focused on. For example, my major is Child and Youth Studies. I took a lot of education classes and classes to help me become a better educator.
A minor is something that is less focused on when it comes to the number of classes taken. For example, my minor is Biology. I took about a third to half as many classes for my minor than I did for my major.
A major is a primary focus/concentration of study and a minor is a secondary focus. The number of study hours spent and college credits to be fulfilled for majors will be more than minors. You will need to take more number of classes for your major than minor.
Majors usually align with your career goals and minors can either complement the major or it can be different. Some students may choose a minor that is unrelated to their major, based on their interest.
For example, if your career goal is to work in the finance industry, you could major in Finance and minor in Business (to compliment). Alternatively, you could major in Finance and minor in Spanish (interest based).
Hope this helps!