I want to be archaeologist so after tenth which stream I should choose and subjects which will help me best
Archaeology is a fascinating subject and it's what I was hoping to study in college as well! I grew up watching Indiana Jones movies and reading books about King Tut's tomb, so my fascination began early in life.
History is usually a very accessible topic you can study at any stage in school (or through reading books on your own!) and provides a great foundation for later studies in archaeology. I would encourage you to explore various periods in history and geographies and see what resonates with you. Do you like ancient history? Later historical periods? Other areas you might consider for studies are humanities and anthropology, which are more broad topics than archaeology but touch on a lot of relevant topics.
Depending on where you live, you can also supplement your studies with visits to real historical or archaeological sites in your area -- or even museums. It can satisfy your desire to explore and can also teach you a lot more than what you read in books. You can talk to the experts at the sites to learn about their career paths and how they got into their careers, and start to network and form relationships with people who do what you think you might want to do. Maybe they even hire interns :)
Historic Archaeology – This branch deals with discovering and analyzing ancient artifacts, such as items used in everyday life of people in different civilizations; Household Utensils, Jewelry, Musical or Medical equipment, etc.
Maritime Archaeology – The discovery of the lost city of Thonis- Heracleion, discovery of wrecked ships such as the Titanic are a few interesting examples of maritime archaeology. It tries to uncover the interaction of earlier humans with marine bodies.
Urban Archaeology – It deals with understanding the plans and maps of historical cities in order to determine their importance as well as predict what artifacts they may find while digging such locations. This branch has helped us in understanding the great planning and structural facets of great cities such as Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
Epigraphy – This branch of archaeology deals with identifying and analyzing inscriptions on documents, artifacts or stones in order to draw conclusions about their writers, their culture, and their historical importance.
Museology – It deals with organizing, preserving, and restoring museums as well as museum curacy. This segment of archaeology focuses on giving meaning to our existence through the display and preservation of historical artifacts. It is the route through which society understands its history.
To pursue archaeology as a career, it is advisable to opt for Humanities in Class 11th and 12th. Subjects such as History, Anthropology, and Sociology, etc. build a solid foundation for a career in archaeology. A bachelor’s degree in Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology or History, and a master’s degree in Archaeology and Historical Studies is required to qualify and work as an Archaeologist. A Ph.D. provides better opportunities, and better pay. It opens up avenues in areas of research, academics and higher level positions in the Archaeological Survey of India.
Students who do not have (or did not opt for) humanities, and still want to pursue archaeology, can easily opt for humanities as a subject to major in. It is advisable to check for eligibility and curriculum of colleges, as every college has different criteria.
Archaeologists have an immense interest in one’s history and heritage, in preserving one’s roots, and a thirst to discover more. Apart from this, an observant mind, a knack for research, attention to detail, and being patient and resilient are all qualities that an archaeologist should possess.