Colleges and universities have job centers and employment centers on campus, but you will need to visit them, they do not seek out you.
The centers have all kinds of resources you can utilize. Many have potential employers visit the center, others have job listings and possible internships within your major. Many also have resume writing assistance to help with structuring your resume.
I would definitely seek out the college job and career center on your campus.
Speaking from experience, my college did not help me land my first job after graduation. Most of the work to get hired was upon me - researching companies, applying to open positions, calling HR departments, networking, customizing resumes for the positions, practice interviewing skills, etc.
Colleges and universities offer career placement assistance via the Career Center. At the Career Center, there are resources available to assist with resume format, style and flow; interview workshops; job searches; internships; etc.
It will be upon the student to seek the career placement assistance before graduating from college. Networking is a great way to find professionals and get their advice on how they developed their career paths. This also includes asking friends, fellow students and professors.
www.linkedin.com is a website for professionals. One can learn about professional backgrounds, review company profiles and search for available positions for hire. Other websites to learn about companies and available positions are www.indeed.com and www.glassdoor.com.
Hope this helps and good luck in your career search!
There are also many jobs that do not require a degree or that offer on the job training (for college grads and non-college grads) so this might also be worth exploring.
It is helpful to attend internship programs in companies you are interested in and that increases your possibility of getting a job when you graduate.
Other than student orgs, I thought some of the Economics and Computer Sciences courses I took in school were helping me to sharpen my problem solving, communication, and collaboration skills.
My school also had career center where it helped with editing resume, hosting interviews, and getting career advice through career counselors, which were very helpful for me in finding a job.
I understand your question as two-fold: 1) did the college itself assist with job hunting, and 2) did going to college (all together) help find a job.
My answer to 1) is Yes, The University of Texas at Austin, provided resources to help students find a job. As a business major, we were very well set up with on campus job fairs and interviews. An internship was required to graduate and the school helped find one. Additionally, they provided resume editors, job boards, networking resources, etc. When looking at schools and/or majors, I recommend asking about the resources the school has for job recruiting / job hunting (e.g., career fairs, resume writing workshops, etc.), what jobs you can get with the major/school you're looking into, and what income potential there is (if that's important to you).
My answer to 2) is...it depends on YOU and how you want to navigate your life. Which is a big (and scary) question to ask yourself!! Think about what kind of lifestyle you want to live, where you want to live, what type of work you want to do, what do you imagine a day in your career is like, health insurance coverage, personal financial goals, etc. If you don't know the answer to these questions yet, I recommend going to college and majoring in something that offers you the most opportunities for a job down the line as you grow into your personal and professional life. Also keep in mind college is not the only answer to generate income in today's economy!! There are SO many opportunities now such as starting your own business, freelancing, or going to a trade school (e.g., welding, car mechanic, hair dresser, etc.). I do recommend finding a skill or two and sticking with them.
I'll give a quick story about myself and how I had to had to ask myself those hard questions. As a freshman/sophomore in college, I was unsure if I wanted to major in journalism or sociology. I took some time to think about my goals, which were move to New York City, be the first person in my family to generate wealth, and I wanted to a business woman! I decided business (finance) would provide me the most opportunity to be able to reach my goals. Which it did - I moved to NYC and now I'm a business woman!
I hope this helps - best of luck!!!