Biotechnology in the United States is a dynamic industry so there are many opportunities for employment. There are many occupations within biotechnology such as: quality control, quality assurance, information technology, human resources, facilities, and infrastructure maintenance and manufacturing.
The following reflect the various divisions within a biotechnology company:
-Research and Development: Discover promising drug candidates. Functions include discovery research, bioinformatics, and animal sciences.
-Operations: Make commercial quantities of a candidate drug available and assess environmental impact and safety of a new product.
-Clinical Research: Take the new drug through the FDA approval process after emerging from the R&D department. Also manage all clinical drug trials and oversee all information related to the drug candidate.
-Quality: Responsible for quality control, assurance, and validation. Ensure that all products meet standards of quality in manufacturing process.
-Finance and Administration: Responsible for legal relationships to investors, creditors, and employees. Also maintain companywide computer systems/IT.
-Business Development: Responsible for identifying prospective new alliance partners and managing existing ones. Also includes marketing function (market research, targeting customers, promotion strategy) and sales function (meet customers in the field—often with specialist physicans).
-Project Management: Responsible for ensuring that work requiring collaboration of several departments goes smoothly and efficiently.
-Commercial Strategy: Responsible for leading worldwide product lifecycle management. Also work closely with management, marketing, sales, R&D, and corporate development.
-Strategic Planning: Responsible for identifying major milestones, investments, and decisions for successful profits of a product. Assess commercial viability of a product in the target market.
Be familiar with state and national biotech organizations and professional groups. Join the Biotechnology Institute forums and connect with our social media communities.
One career option in biotechnology is becoming a geneticist. Genetics is the study of the mechanisms of heredity and variation in living organisms. Geneticists study the evolution, interaction and duplication of plant, animal and human genes.
Research geneticists conduct laboratory research in areas like biomedical genetics, developmental genetics, biochemical and molecular genetics, forensics, plant and animal genetics and population genetics. Medical geneticists help diagnose and treat human genetic disorders such as Down syndrome in hospitals and private clinics. Genetics counselors study familial health records, observe recurring inheritance patterns and identify individuals at risk for developing genetic disorders.
Requirements to be a Geneticist
Most geneticists earn a graduate degree. Medical geneticists attend four years of medical school and complete a 2-year residency to earn a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. They go on to complete another 2-year residency in clinical genetics in order to become a medical geneticist.
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