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What is needed to make the Cement into a hard surface?

I am a job corps student and i am really interested in being a cement worker now i would like to know what is the material that makes the cement hard?

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Tim’s Answer

In its simplest form, concrete is a mixture of paste and aggregates, or rocks. The paste, composed of portland cement and water, coats the surface of the fine (small) and coarse (larger) aggregates. Through a chemical reaction called hydration, the paste hardens and gains strength to form the rock-like mass known as concrete.

Within this process lies the key to a remarkable trait of concrete: it's plastic and malleable when newly mixed, strong and durable when hardened. These qualities explain why one material, concrete, can build skyscrapers, bridges, sidewalks and superhighways, houses and dams. Information found at https://www.cement.org/cement-concrete-applications/how-concrete-is-made.

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