The first step for any construction is fulfilling a need and securing the funding. There may be a desperate need but no funding as with our crumbling infrastructure. The next step requires engineering, depending on the project may disciplines may be required. Typical commercial construction projects require an architect, civil, electrical, HVAC, fire alarms, sprinkler system, communications, plumbing, mill work, and many smaller details including ceiling, floors, paint and finishes. This engineering or "planning" phase can take a year or longer. At this point usually less than 10 people have been involved
The final step starts when a general contractor is hired for the project, The general contractor is like the head coach and the team explodes into the hundreds if not thousands at this point. The GC will take bids from all the subs that want to work on the project and selects them depending on price and ability. The GC will use this information to create a budget and a schedule, this part of the project could take up to another year to accomplish. The challenges for each subcontractor at this point is to have a work force that is skilled, capable and available. They also need to be able to secure the materials needed and a whole different part of the industry is involved with this. Each of the subs and the GC will then "pull permits" which is actually a fancy way of saying they notify the county, state or federal officials that they are going to start construction and reviews and inspections begin.
I hope this helps you understand that there are many people involved in construction and they all face their own unique challenges the one thing everyone shares in common is the satisfaction that comes from completing something tangible that everyone can be proud of.
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