Psychology and sociology go hand in hand – they are both the scientific study of people. Both help people understand the dynamics of emotions, relationships and behaviors better. There are several significant differences:
The primary, distinguishing mark of psychology is that it is the study of the mind of the individual or small group over a larger society or culture. Psychology tends to study one person at a time to get a general understand of society, trends in mental illness, stress, and human behavior and problems.
Psychologists work in private practices as counselors, in hospitals, labs, government centers, research centers, or in school as teachers or career or guidance counselors.
Sociology looks beyond individuals and examines societies through the specific lenses or associations. Sociologists have discovered through years of research that much of societal behavior is dependent or dictated by some social relationships – gender, race, religion, and social class. Each of these filters offers a unique and important perspective on culture and society.
Important issues about the environment, social and economic inequality, and vulnerable populations including people with disabilities and the unborn are often brought to the public eye by people working under the umbrella of sociology; they help the general population understand why these issues are important, as well as understand any lasting impact they may have (or have had) on society as a whole. Their primary responsibility is observing cultures and people groups, researching current issues, and asking questions like, “How will these issues affect the continued development or wellness of society?”
Someone working in sociology, by doing sociological research or teaching However, sociologists hold positions in a large number of industries.