The below mentioned careers are connected by the requirement of a bachelor's degree (typically communications), as well as the ability to communicate orally and written across various platforms.
Radio and Television Announcers
Announcers read from scripts or ad-lib on radio and television programs. They present the news, sports, weather, time and commercial announcements and may conduct on-air interviews or host discussions. Announcers who read from scripts may also research and write those scripts.
Announcers at smaller stations often have a number of other off-air duties, such as operating the control board and monitoring the transmission. Radio and TV announcers may also make publicity appearances at public events.
Broadcast News Analysts
New analysts are also called newscasters or news anchors. They interpret news based on their research, experience and observation. They present the news in TV or radio broadcasts and introduce live or videotaped reports from correspondents. They may receive story assignments from editors. Their interpretations are based research, experience and observation.
News Reporters and Correspondents
Reporters investigate leads and tips on topics that may be newsworthy. They make observations and conduct interviews, then take notes and may also take photos or make videotapes. With this material, they write the stories they will present to a newspaper, magazine, radio or TV program or news-gathering service. Reporters and correspondents are responsible for editing their content for spelling, grammar, factual and other errors.
Public Relations Specialists
Public relations (PR) specialists help their clients maintain positive relationships with the public. They solicit the attitudes and concerns of the public and find ways to address them. They use press releases, radio and television reports, newspaper stories, magazine articles and Internet campaigns to get out the client's message. In government, PR specialists are referred to press secretaries.
Writers and Authors
Writers and authors may produce content for books, magazines, trade journals, general interest magazines, Internet publications, newsletters, advertisements, songs and TV, theater and movie programs. Writers of books may produce fictional novels or textbooks, biographies and other forms of nonfiction. Writers often conduct extensive research to produce their writing. They may either work for a specific publisher or on a freelance basis.
Technical writers put technical documents into language that can be easily understood. These documents may include instructions or how-to manuals for consumer products, documentation for computer programs and customer satisfaction assessments. They often work in engineering, scientific and medical fields. They confirm specifications, revise their writings and oversee publication.
Editors revise the work of writers. They may also provide original writing; many editors start out as writers themselves. They plan the content of newspapers, magazines, Internet publications and radio and TV programs. Editors use reference books to check facts. They develop story ideas and oversee production. In the book publishing industry, editors monitor book proposals and decide which books will be published.
Interpreters and Translators
Translators must be fluent in at least two languages. They relay concepts and ideas as well as words between the speakers of different languages. Interpreters work with spoken languages and, in some cases, sign language, while translators work with the written word.
Interpreters must be sensitive to confidentiality concerns. Interpreters and translators may use dictionaries, lexicons or other sources to help ensure the accuracy of their translations. May work in judiciary or medical contexts or international conferences. They may work for the deaf. A large number also work for U.S. State Department, which employs interpreters in more than 40 languages.
- Literary Translators
Literary translators translate books, plays, short stories and other documents from one language into another. When possible, they work closely with the author. Literary translators need to be highly creative.