So the default time is 4 years. Now there are exceptions to this rule. For instance, in jobs that require a lot of schooling they may require a 5 or 6 year contract. Also, there are options that allow a 3 year contract. As far as once that first contract is up, as long as you served honorably and there is still a need you can always extend another 2 to 4 years as well and continue to repeat this process until you retire.
It depends. The minimum military enlistment obligation is 8-year commitment, but it varies between active duty, reservist or individual ready reservist (IRR) vs. the various branches vs. officer or enlistment and certain jobs within the military. Please share this article: What Is the Minimum Military Enlistment Obligation (https://www.thebalancecareers.com/period-of-time-to-enlist-in-military-3354093) with the student. It has a breakdown chart with short and long answers.
The Army, and the military in general, does not have different service requirements for men and women. Your initial contract depends on a variety of factors including:
- whether you enlist or choose to become an officer
- whether you choose active duty or the National Guard/Reserves
- the military occupational specialty (MOS) you choose (i.e. the specific job in the Army you select)
For context, I was an Infantry Officer and commissioned through the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC). I served four years on active duty and four years in the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR; here is a summary of what the IRR is: https://www.usar.army.mil/IRR/). I can't speak definitively about the duration of each officer's or enlisted person's contract, but I believe they are typically a minimum of several years (probably 3-4) but are not standardized across every person.
There are certainly nuances to how long each person serves. I would need some additional detail about what you're actually interested in doing to give you a more precise answer. Take a look at the link I included below - it will take you to the Army's Jobs and Careers site and should help provide some more details.
I hope this helps. Feel free to add a comment if you have any follow up questions. Good luck!
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