Does the President make the law or does someone else? If so, what is that someone called?
Greetings! I'm Ms. Tipton at the International Community School. My 3rd graders have a few questions and I'd like to share your advice with them. Thanks in advance!
In the US, we have a 3 - branched system of government.
The Executive Branch (the one that the president heads AND the governors in the states) - This is the branch that approves the laws that the Legislative branch makes (I'll touch on that next) AND carries out and enforces the laws that the legislature makes.
The Legislative Branch (the one that Congress is part of and the state legislatures have) - This is the branch that CREATES the laws
The Judicial Branch (the Supreme Court and all the lower courts for the US and in the states) - This is the branch that ensures that the laws follow the US constitution
Ari recommends the following next steps:
Congress (the House of Representatives and the Senate) make the laws. The President does NOT have to agree to sign it. If he refuses to sign it, it is called a VETO. Then the Congress can vote to make it a law anyway, even if the President refuses to sign it. It takes a whole lot of votes to do this, and it is called "overriding the veto."
The President does NOT make any laws. He can ask Congress to make laws that he wants to see enacted, but Congress does not have to act upon his request.
The Executive Branch of Government (the President) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws of this country.
Your local government can also make laws. Your local government includes the State, County or City you live in. State laws cover your State, County laws cover your county and City laws cover your city.