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What are the different types of careers in Journalism?

I'm in the eleventh grade, and I want to study Journalism. I already know I want to be a Broadcast Journalist. I would also like to know some other jobs there are with in the Journalism community. #journalism #broadcast

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Subject: Career question for you


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Daniela’s Answer

Hi Zoe,

A career in journalism offers a range of opportunities and needs of this professional who can work in several areas and environments in the communications sector such as:

  • Television news: transmitting the daily news that happens in the country and the world;

  • Media printed: work in journalistic content, writing and editing news in newspapers and / or magazines;

  • Social Medias: journalist collaboration in blogs, websites, twiters, facebook, newsletters.

  • Educational Journalism: the professional contribution of educational book publishers;

  • Sports journalism: acting in programs or attractions about what happens in the sports industry;

  • Police Journalism: materials coverage of crimes and incidents;

  • Community Journalism: development work aimed at social area, such as community centers, NGOs, low-income communities, non-profit institutions.

The list of opportunities is vast and wide. Slection the area of ​​expertise that you better identify, and look beyond graduation specialization courses in the area where you want to focus on your career.

Below is a link to some information about the journalism career that can add to your choice:

Good luck and good choice!!

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Amy’s Answer

Hi, Zoe.
If you are excited about building broadcast journalism skills, you might be interested in creating video and audio/podcasts for organizations and companies. As you are in studying broadcast journalism in school, look for opportunities to volunteer or do internships for nonprofits that are near you. Maybe the local chapter of the American Red Cross, or another organization like the Humane Society, needs someone to create a video interview that tells a story of the organization history or an event. Look for a cause that you care about to practice your skills as you are learning them.

I have found that there are many opportunities to explore working directly for companies or nonprofit organizations using reporting and writing and editing skills. If you search on "journalism" or "broadcast journalism" in LinkedIn, you will find many people who have those degrees but have interesting career paths that are outside what you might think of as typical broadcast journalism jobs.

Good luck! You are on the path of an exciting career.
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Lore’s Answer


You posted your question several years ago. I am answering it for current and future high-school students who want to work in broadcasting.

There’s something important all of you need to know: You must be trained as a “multi-media journalist” – a professional who can do it all – to get hired by television stations.

These recent TV reporter’s job postings will give you an idea of what I’m talking about.

First read this one:

“[Company name deleted] is looking for a passionate and curious journalist ….

“A Multi-Media Journalist must be a skilled photojournalist and writer, with a keen sense of curiosity, the ability to use public records to deliver facts and accuracy, and the ability to use communication skills to command the interview—whether it’s the person on the street, or a high-level public official. The Multi-Media Journalist is responsible for both the on-air and online content of their story. You’ll be joining an award-winning, experienced team of journalists, working in our state-of-the-art, 52,000-square-foot newsroom.”

This second posting spells out in greater detail the wide range of skills broadcast reporters are required to have:

“We're looking for a Full-time Multimedia Journalist who isn't afraid of jumping in to write, edit and produce high-quality stories. Position will be filled by a hard-working, passionate journalist with great news judgment who also has a positive attitude and wants to tell stories [about our region].

“We're looking for someone who can quickly report and produce content for digital, social, OTT and broadcast as assigned, manage and develop stories from concept to publication, clip and post video to all digital platforms and OTT for on-demand consumption.

“General Responsibilities:
* Pitch 3 viable, developed story ideas per shift (not topics)
* Develop and cultivate sources; write enterprise stories
* Produce a minimum of one package or two to three VOSOTs per shift
* Create engaging digital and social content

* Bachelor’s degree in journalism or related field
* Strong writing skills (broadcast and print style)
* Experience with CMS/digital publishing platforms
* Experience with broadcast newsroom software such as ENPS
* Experience with video editing software (preferably Edius)
* Must be able to lift 25-30 lbs. and pass a pre-employment drug screen and motor vehicle background check”

So. You must choose a college with a journalism department that will teach you how to write and edit breaking news and feature stories, operate your own video camera and do stand-up reporting in front of it.

You should also be trained to take professional-caliber still photographs for publication on television station websites and know how to lay out and publish written web versions of your televised stories.

You should also take courses in how to search public records and how to use social media for journalistic purposes.

This link to a list of colleges with undergraduate journalism programs is helpful:

If you’re focused and driven to learn – and you passionately, desperately want to be a journalist – I offer you my best wishes for your success.