Hi There, each state has a different perspective of workforce or specific areas of interest. It is very important to identify your areas of interest, the goals you are going to reach, and of course, your beliefs and values has to match with the program that you are going to follow. I remember deciding about my Coaching Certification, I liked and specific program in Phoenix even when I would prefer something closer in California. To me, it was valuable to attend this program even when costs would be a factor. Follow your dream.
The education field, like many other fields that require special licensing, is allowed to vary from state to state by the federal government. There are some minimum requirements that the federal Department of Education requires each state to meet. There may also be different credentials within a state depending on the subject you want to teach and the grade level. In California, to teach elementary school you need to have a multiple subject credential. In order to teach middle and high school, you need to have a single subject credential in a specific subject like English or Math. There are also credentials for teaching Special Education. If you want to go into Early Childhood Education, that is a completely different set of requirements to meet. You will need to figure out what age, grade, and subject you want to teach. Then you can research your state's credential requirements (or another state's). Most 4-year universities have teacher education programs; you can even start at a community college that has a teacher pathway program that will prepare you to transfer into a teacher education program at a 4-year university.
Basic education programming is pretty consistent from state to state, with some minor variations for various reasons which are too numerous to mention. The most important thing for you to do is to determine how education as a career is applicable to your personality traits and how you best fit into the wide field of education. During my many years in Human Resources and College Recruiting, I have found that the follow process is a good one for students to follow in selecting an appropriate career area and succeeding. Too often, I have found, that when hiring college graduates, students who skipped these steps were too often finding themselves in career areas that were inappropriate. Selecting a career is like buying a pair of shoes. They may look great, but you need select the proper size and try them on and walk in them for a little while to determine proper fit and comfort.
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Each state has set up like federal government, it's own state governments and laws or rules of what is important to their communities that works for people. Each state is unique like people and can allow for people to decide what type of system. People in the area where you live want best for their schools, elect people, hire people, how set up for contributions to be accounted for and other events or types of skills, programs, or technology to be used in the school system as one point. Others might like other areas to be more important like academic or sport/music as main point. It might depend upon the community, it lives in or not? Research at library, get information about or go to school board meeting, or maybe talk to teachers, student council, parents, or community leaders on understanding how the school system is set up. Plus, if really want to learn more about it in your areas then get involved in school community or find out how by contact local town, city or state government.