Here is a similar question to yours:
Like Jacqueline said, the degree can be used in many ways. Once you have been out of school a year or two, the specific degree becomes less important - it's just the fact that you have one! I encourage you to take a class or two covering budget and public speaking. Also, just because I think it is such a neat course, take Logic! It will help you to strengthen your persuasiveness as well as to pick apart faulty arguments of others. There's a lot of stuff that is being passed off as research that is actually very weak. (and this scares me!) The skills that I took away from Sociology were the ability to critically analyze as well as to research and write persuasively.
Have some part-time jobs while in school, do an internship or two, have something that you can use to build on. Jobs fall in different categories: nonprofits, government, private sector. If you are majoring in Sociology, or thinking about it, ask yourself what it is you want to be doing, and how you might best get there. It could be a different degree would work better for you. Or this might be the right one! I'm happy to answer more questions if you have any!
I think with a few exceptions your college major doesn't have to determine what you end up doing for a career. Most people will change careers many times and often end up working in an area very different from what they studied. But to give you some ideas of where sociology might apply, it can definitely help you if you want to get into social work which seems like something you might be interested in. But it can also apply to business, maybe in the areas of human resources or corporate responsibility, or even marketing. There are lots of things you can do with this expertise. My advice would be if you have an inkling of what might interest you try to find an internship or even just find someone who does the job and see if you can set up an informational interview where you ask them about what they do and what it's like. If you're still having trouble narrowing things down some great books are What Color is My Parachute, and Start with Why.
JACQUELINE recommends the following next steps:
There are many job opportunities for sociology since it’s such a broad field. I have a degree in sociology and work in Mental Health. But to name a few jobs: guidance counselor, Human Resources, lawyer, probation officer, public relations, social worker, survey researcher, human services, substance abuse/behavioral health and mental health. The list goes on and also depending on your field of interest in sociology if your going for a masters degree that will help with what program to pick. Hope this helps and good luck!