There's no reason it has to.
First of all, this is the job. You need to know how to code to do your job and if you are not a good coder it's very hard to do your job well, but most of your day will not be spent coding at most jobs. You have to solve problems and often the new code that is written is a very small part (in terms of total effort) of the solution.
Second, let's talk about interviewing. When interviewing for full time roles you can break these interviews into three types -
Behavioral interviews - these will ask you to talk about things you've done. When done well, it will give you an opportunity to talk about real problems that you had a role in solving. I hope the lack of writing code at your internship did not mean you were unable to contribute in a meaningful way to solving the company's problems. The internship you had sounds like it would give you a good leg up on these kinds of questions.
Technical screening interviews - these will usually focus on basic knowledge, or reading your resume and trying to ask questions to get at what YOU actually did.
- An example of basic knowledge question would be to ask you to explain garbage collection. For this one, your school or self-study is probably as valuable as the small amount of practical experience you got from an internship - including if you spent that time coding.
- An example of the second kind would be, if you said on your resume that you "automated the release process and saved the company x hours per year" you'll have to be able to explain what parts were automated, what technology was used, and most importantly, what was your role in it. For this one, just don't oversell on your resume so that you feel like you're caught in a lie if you get pressed on it. Instead think of your actual contribution - I bet you contributed to real progress on something important while you were there.
Coding interviews - You might feel like you are at a particular disadvantage here, but really, these are often theoretical in scope - things you would never tackle in real life on the job. You should be prepared for these by having a thorough understanding of analysis of algorithms and basic data structures. But I've been at this a long time and I have never been asked to solve a problem in one of these that I have actually had to also solve as part of my job.
So, in short, the kind of more broad experience you got on your internship may give you a leg up in some kinds of interviews and should be no great penalty for other types of interviews.
Jason recommends the following next steps:
- Read up on sample behavioral questions and think of how you would answer them. For examples: https://www.thebalancecareers.com/behavioral-job-interview-questions-2059620
- Check out these resources from Cracking the Coding Interview. http://www.crackingthecodinginterview.com/resources.html