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What are the 7 principles of social work?

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Anthonia’s Answer

Hi Jessica,Principles of Acceptance
These are the 7 principles of social worker;
a. Principles of Acceptance.
b. Principle of Individualization.
c. Principle of Communications.
d. Principle of Confidentiality.
e. Principle of Self Determination.
f. Principle of Non-judgmental Attitude.
g. Principle of Controlled Emotional Involvement.

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naveen’s Answer

These are the Seven principles of social worker:
1. Principles of Acceptance.
2. Principle of Individualization.
3. Principle of Communications.
4. Principle of Confidentiality.
5. Principle of Self Determination.
6. Principle of Non-judgmental Attitude.
7. Principle of Controlled Emotional Involvement.

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Principles are guiding beliefs and statement of do's and don'ts. Social work principles are guiding assertions of   statement that have come from experiences and research. The most commonly discussed principles of social work are as follows:

Principles of Acceptance:

Social work accepts the individual as he or she is with all his/her limitations. Social work believes that acceptance is the crux of all help. Social worker does not condemn or feel hostile towards a client because his behavior differs from the approved one. The principle of acceptance implies that social worker must perceive, acknowledge, receive and establish a relationship with the individual client as he actually is, not as social worker wishes him to be or think he should be.

Principle of Individualization:-

The principle of individualization is fundamental to effective social work practice. Social work believes in the uniqueness of individual. Each individual is different from that of every other individual nature. As we know that individual is unique as his thumb print. The social worker views the problem of each client as specific and helps the client move forward finding the most satisfactory means for client to deal with particular problem situation.

Principle of Communications:-

Communication is a two way process most of the problem that give pain are precisely the problem of communication. When the communication is inadequate or insufficient the problems occurs either automatically or because of misunderstanding. The social worker should have enough skills to grasp the communication. The proper communication is crucial in social work relationship because the background of the client and worker may be different, the mental status of the client and the worker may vary. Therefore the social worker should make all the efforts to see that communication between him and client is proper. The client should be made feel comfortable and at ease to express his thoughts feelings and facts.

Principle of Confidentiality:-

Social work believes that during the professional help between the client and social worker, client have the right of personal information about themselves in relationship with a social agency. The principle believes that confidential things of the client must be kept confidential and other agencies and individual & should be consulted only with the clients consent.

Principle of Self Determination:-

The principle emphasizes client’s right to self determination. Every individual client has the right to decide what is appropriate for him and decides the ways and means to realize it. In other words, social worker should not force decisions or solutions on the clients because the client has come to him for help. Therefore, social worker should support and guide the client to develop insight into his social situations in correct perspective and encourage and involve him to like decisions that are good and acceptable to him.

Principle of Non-judgmental Attitude:-

Principle of non-judgmental attitude presumes that the social worker should begin the professional relationship without any bias. He should not form opinion about the client, good or bad, worthy or unworthy. He has to treat the client as somebody who has come to him for help and he should be willing to help the client without being influenced by the opinions of other about the client or his situation. This enables the worker and the client feel free to develop understanding of each other.

Principle of Controlled Emotional Involvement:-

This principle guides social work professional not to indulge too much personally in the client's difficult situation or being too objective. Therefore the social worker should maintain a reasonable emotional distance even while sympathizing with the client social worker should indicate the understanding of the difficult situations of the client without showing pity or appearing to be indifference.

System Approach to Social Work Practice:-

System approach had been having a successful time in biology, ecology and engineering system theory encourages practitioner to see their client and problems as part of a whole. The behavior of each component affected and in turn was affected by all other part of the whole or system. Thus, to treat one problem entailed understanding the functioning of other related part of the whole or system. So for example with the difficult child, the behaviour of his parents, his peers and his school may all have a bearing on his conduct. After a system analysis the practitioner might well conclude that altering the anti social outlook of the local peer group is in fact the best way to tackle the client’s difficult behavior and not to send him to an educational psychologist.