Hi Anna, what a great and interesting question! Yes you can become a teacher and I know people who did just that. One person was an accountant who became a high school math teacher. At first he was on a temporary license while he took classes to become certified to teach. Then, he was hired as a regular, high school math teacher. I don't think a business degree would work in elementary grades, but in high school and certainly college it would.
Sheryl shared wonderful advice so please consider it. Many teachers begin their journey with degrees outside of education - check out this article: https://www.educationdegree.com/articles/become-a-teacher-if-you-already-have-degree/
You might find it helpful. Since you'll need to enter a teacher training program, look at what your state offers.