PHARMACIST EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS
There is no set-in-stone undergraduate degree for pharmacists. To get into a post-graduate pharmacy school, candidates will need at least a 2-year degree (though most will benefit from a bachelor's degree). Students interested in the pharmacist education needed might want to take undergraduate coursework in topics like: Physics; Chemistry; Biology or Anatomy.
DOCTOR OF PHARMACY DEGREE
Prospective pharmacists should seek a Doctor of Pharmacy program that is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE). Accreditation demonstrates that a program is preparing students to meet the standards of the profession. According to the ACPE, state licensing boards require applicants to have graduated from an accredited program. Clinical experience is a major segment of a Pharm.D. program. In the first two to three years, depending on the university, students take Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experiences, in which students develop essential skills, such as consulting patients, delivering immunizations and performing screenings. During the remainder of the program, students take Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPEs) that place them in patient care settings under the supervision of licensed pharmacists. APPEs have rotations that allow students to experience different areas of pharmacy, including inpatient, ambulatory operations and electives.
INTERSHIPS & RESIDENCES
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), pharmacists who want to work in a clinical setting may consider completing a residency program or fellowship program. Residencies and fellowships are individualized programs that train pharmacists for administrative work or a specialty field, such as informatics or community care. Programs typically last 1-2 years and may include research on the benefits of drug therapy and other topics in the field. Pharmacists who want to run their own pharmacy might also look into a Master of Business Administration.
Pharmacists must be licensed to practice. In addition to having a Pharm.D. from an accredited program, individuals must pass the North American Pharmacists Licensure Examination (NAPLEX), which tests applicants on pharmacotherapy, dispensing medications, and providing accurate healthcare information. All states require applicants to complete either the Multi-state Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination (MPJE) or a state-sponsored exam. The MPJE tests students on the legal aspects of the pharmacy practice, licensure requirements, and the regulatory laws that govern the profession. The NAPLEX and the MPJE are administered by the National Association of Pharmacy Boards. States may have additional licensing requirements, including background checks or age limits.
CAREER OUT LOOK & SALARY
Pharmacists work full-time and most are expected to work odd or extended hours as the job demands it, but they are generally well-compensated. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), an aging population and rising rates of chronic diseases are expected to contribute to a growth in jobs in the pharmacy field. Between 2018 and 2028, the BLS projects a growth rate of 6%. The average Pharmacist salary in the United States is $128,500 as of July 27, 2020, but the range typically falls between $116,000 and $135,900. Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession.
Hope this was Helpful Zemira
John recommends the following next steps:
Darcel recommends the following next steps:
First, check with any pharmacy school you're interested in and find out what pre-requisite courses you need.
Usually it takes about 2 years to complete those courses if you're full time student. Don't forget to study PCAT while you're taking pre-requisite classes since most pharmacy schools require PCAT score.
After you complete pre-requisite courses, then you can apply to pharmacy school.
Most pharmacy schools are 4 year program but some school offers accelerated program where you can graduate sooner.
You can take board exam after completion of pharmacy school and become a pharmacist once you pass the exam.
Logan recommends the following next steps: