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How do I become a Criminal Investigator in Canada?

I'd love to know how I can become a criminal investigator, and I'd love to know the process and what it looks like. I also wanna know "Do I have to be a police officer to be a criminal investigator?"
My Questions:
How much do they get paid a year?
Do I have to be a police officer first?

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How many years in school?

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Nattakarn’s Answer

Becoming a detective in Canada means first becoming a police officer and graduating from police academy. Since you want to work as a specialized police officer, you also have to earn your bachelor's degree in a detective-related field. Your ambition may also mean years of hard work until you take on the cases you want.

Step 1
Earn a bachelor's degree in a field related to criminal investigation. The ideal majors include criminology, criminal justice, or psychology. You may also want to major in criminology while minoring in psychology, or vice versa.

Step 2
Apply to a large police force after college graduation. In Canada, the larger police forces are the provincial police departments or metropolitan police departments. Before you are hired, your police force will conduct a background check on you to ensure you have a clean criminal record and other credentials.

Step 3
Attend your province's police academy for your police department. For instance, all Vancouver police recruits attend the Justice Institute of British Columbia. At police academy, you will learn how to operate a gun, how to arrest criminal offenders. You will also learn about provincial and national laws.

Step 4
Work as a fourth-class constable. After graduating from police academy, your recruiters will assign you the entry-level work of a constable. This position involves general police work, from issuing parking tickets to handling robberies.

Step 5
Express to your superiors how you would like to become involved in detective or undercover work. Your police force may permit you to work under a detective sergeant or a detective constable. That means you can essentially apprentice yourself to these detectives and learn detective work firsthand.

Step 6
Earn a promotion to a higher-ranking police position, such as detective constable or detective sergeant. You can earn this promotion by impressing your superiors with your job performance and enthusiasm for detective work. You can now work as a full-time detective at your police force. If you continue to work hard, you will likely earn a higher promotion to inspector in the next several years.

Tip
Expect to work between two to three years as a patrol officer before you earn a promotion to a detective. It is certainly possible for you to enter the police force during your undergraduate studies. Working as a constable for a summer job places you ahead of the game by the time you've graduated from college – by that time, you may have advanced to a first-class constable specializing in detective work.

Average Detective or Criminal Investigator Salary in Canada
Please see the link below for more information about the salary range for this job.
https://www.payscale.com/research/CA/Job=Detective_or_Criminal_Investigator/Salary

An early career Detective or Criminal Investigator with 1-4 years of experience earns an average total compensation (includes tips, bonus, and overtime pay) of C$51,204 based on 7 salaries. A mid-career Detective or Criminal Investigator with 5-9 years of experience earns an average total compensation of C$48,454 based on 8 salaries. In their late career (20 years and higher), employees earn an average total compensation of C$91,475

What Do Detective or Criminal Investigators Do?

Detectives or criminal investigators typically investigate violations of the law using all resources necessary (such as witnesses, written records, video surveillance, and numerical data). Throughout the investigation, detectives or criminal investigators interpret information, prepare reports, and provide a final evaluation of the evidence. Additionally, these individuals may be called on to testify in court. Detectives or criminal investigators often assess the evidence in an office setting, but much of the data is collected through on-site visits to witnesses and the crime scene. Research and analytical skills must be highly advanced, as much of the job involves synthesizing information and making conclusions.

Typical hours may vary greatly depending on the case. Because criminal investigators may need to go undercover to observe events and conversations without the knowledge of suspects or other witnesses, it is possible to work early, late, and unpredictable hours.
Detective or criminal investigators are usually required to have an associate’s degree in law enforcement, criminal justice, or a related field, as well as two years of previous experience in investigative work or law enforcement. Many criminal investigators are tasked with making physical arrests, which means that people in this role could also be required to be in excellent physical condition. All detective and criminal investigators must pass a drug test prior to beginning work.


Detective or Criminal Investigator Tasks

Compile, examine and assemble evidence to identify culprits.
Facilitate information and evidence transfer between departments.
Make arrests and restrain suspects.
Examine crime sites, interview suspects and witnesses and document findings.
Document hypotheses, warrants and conclusions, associating evidence and following regulations.
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