People trained as OB-GYNs specialize in both obstetrics and gynecology:
obstetrics involves working with pregnant women, including delivering babies
gynecology involves the female reproductive system, treating a wide range of conditions, including sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and chronic pain
In this article, we look at what an OB-GYN is, what procedures they can carry out, their qualifications, and when someone should see them. We also discuss how a person can become an OB-GYN.
AN OB-GYN is a doctor who has broad and specific training in obstetrics and gynecology.
OB-GYNs provide a wide range of preventive care services, including pap smears, STI testing, pelvic exams, ultrasounds, and blood work.
They can answer a person’s questions about pregnancy, sex, reproductive health, infertility, and numerous other topics.
Though recommendations vary with age and change over time, many women see their OB-GYNs at least once a year. Some use these physicians as their primary or only doctor.
A Montefiore news release reports that many may see their OB-GYNs as their primary care doctors. Researchers surveyed women about their use of various physicians, finding that 56 percent aged 18 to 40 visited only an OB-GYN on an annual basis. Even some women with a chronic condition primarily saw an OB-GYN.
What procedures can they perform?
OB-GYNs are trained surgeons who can perform a wide range of procedures, including:
instrumental deliveries during childbirth
removing growths, such as ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids
surgery to repair pelvic organ injuries
OB-GYNs can also perform a wide range of routine and in-office procedures, including:
pap smears to test for cervical cancer
fertility treatments, such as egg retrievals for IVF or egg-freezing
pelvic ultrasounds to check the pelvic organs and monitor pregnancy
infertility treatments and counseling
management of urinary issues, such as urinary tract infections and urinary incontinence
treating common problems, such as anemia
breast exams and breast health management, including mammograms and other breast cancer screenings
OB-GYNs may also address general health needs, such as screening for mental health issues, filling prescriptions for common ailments, performing blood work for common diseases, and referring people to specialists."
OBGYNs do A LOT!!! They work in the hospital to deliver babies vaginally or by c-section (so they are a surgeon too!). They also do procedures in the operating room that check for cervical cancer, hysterectomy (remove female reproductive parts), and much more! In the office they do routine gynecological exams, lots of pregnancy checks, breast exams, IUD insertions/removals, and more. I suggest shadowing an ob/gyn to see if you like their lifestyle.