Chemical engineers can work in a variety of industries including consumer packaged goods, which is the industry that I have worked in for the last 16+ years. I've worked in a variety of settings including manufacturing sites, corporate offices, pilot facilities, and yes, even a lab.
If you want to learn more about the field of chemical engineering, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers may be able to help. (https://www.aiche.org) I attended weekly AIChE sessions while in school, which gave me a better idea about the types of careers I could pursue after graduation. These sessions also covered topics like how to prepare for interviews.
When applying to college, I declared that I wanted to major in chemical engineering without really knowing what a chemical engineer did. I knew I had done well in high school chemistry and physics, and I knew that I didn't want major in mechanical or civil engineering.
My co-op job in college was working in a lab for a flexible packaging company. While I did not pursue a career in lab work, I did learn that working in a lab did not feel the same as doing the lab assignments required for my classes. I also discovered that I liked being able to show my family real life examples of the things I tested in the lab.