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What are some common software development issues? And some trouble shooting tips.

I love software development and wnt o be a software engineer when I finish college, I'm currently in grade 11 and will be finishing in a couple of months

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David’s Answer

Common software development issues can occur throughout the development process, posing challenges to developers and impacting the quality of the software. These issues include bugs and errors in the code, performance problems leading to slow or inefficient software, compatibility issues across different platforms, security vulnerabilities that expose sensitive data, poor user interface/user experience design, version control conflicts, and inadequate documentation. Troubleshooting these issues requires a combination of techniques, such as using debugging tools to identify and fix bugs, optimizing code and algorithms to improve performance, testing the software on various platforms to ensure compatibility, implementing security best practices to protect against vulnerabilities, gathering user feedback to enhance UI/UX design, utilizing version control systems to manage code changes effectively, and creating comprehensive documentation to aid understanding and collaboration.

Developers must be proactive in addressing these issues throughout the development lifecycle to ensure the success of software projects. By employing effective troubleshooting strategies and prioritizing quality, performance, security, and usability, developers can overcome common software development issues and deliver high-quality software that meets the needs and expectations of users. This approach fosters a culture of continuous improvement and excellence in software development, driving innovation and success in the rapidly evolving technological landscape.
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Thatcha’s Answer

The most common issue that I've found in my software development career was caused by human error. However, when the problem occurred, many individuals failed to realize that they had made any mistakes. When I asked them, "What is the problem and what actions might have caused it?" they often responded, "I did not do anything wrong; the problem occurred due to the system." In such situations, the best troubleshooting advice I can offer is to recognize the process where the problem occurred, identify the inputs and outputs of that point, and if it seems incorrect, reconsider and repeat the steps. Sometimes, it's necessary to reproduce the case to understand what's really happening. Remember, the system itself is more reliable than human judgment.
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Jeff’s Answer

Way back in my early days of software development, I was lucky enough to have an amazing team lead! He noticed that I was having a very difficult time figuring out a problem with my code. He came into my office, closed the door and sat down. He told me to explain the problem to him. I began describing what my code was doing at a very high level. He told me to stop. Don't tell him what I THOUGHT my code was doing. He wanted me to explain each line of code in gory detail! I looked at each line of code and described what that line was doing. We got about 10 lines in and I suddenly realized what the problem was!

From the beginning, I KNEW what my code was doing. However, that wasn't reality. Throw all expectations out of the window and explain to someone exactly what the code is doing and you will see your problem. The problem is that you know exactly what you told the computer to do. If you drill down into the fine details, it becomes obvious very quickly. In my 38 years in high tech and academia, there was never a problem I couldn't figure out by explaining my code to someone else.
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Brion’s Answer

While it's challenging to pinpoint a single universal mistake in software development, a common pitfall often observed is making excessive assumptions about the system's state and the inputs received.

Avoid presuming that your input is flawless or non-malicious, especially when the source is uncertain. Be vigilant for code that takes for granted the exactness of what you anticipate. Such code overlooks null objects or harmful input that could lead to injection attacks if used directly. To enhance your understanding of secure coding, even as a back-end developer, familiarize yourself with the OWASP Top 10 Software Application Security Risks (https://owasp.org/www-project-top-ten/).

Finally, invite your colleagues to scrutinize your code. View their suggestions as opportunities to refine your code rather than critiques of your implementation. As beginners, we all write subpar code at times. However, improvement comes from recognizing our errors and gaining insights from others.
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Aye’s Answer

Software development is actually all about teamwork and I would say the most common problem is miscommunication. As people, we all communicate in different ways and a lot of times, mis-understandings occur. This can result in things slowing down, or wrong things getting built. When you work in teams, you have to collaborate well with others so communication is key. You have to adapt the way you communicate so that others can understand you better and you're able to influence them. A team that collaborates well is capable of more than the sum of each individual.
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