There are actually ways to become a software engineer outside of the traditional process of getting a computer science degree --> work at a software engineering internship --> get a job after graduation.
In my case, I was a teacher before I became a software engineer. I was lucky enough to join an early-stage startup where I could teach myself how to code and learn on the job under a mentor. However, my case is usually pretty rare.
If you decide to become a software engineer after already having graduated or already working in a different field, a very popular option is to enroll in a coding "bootcamp" to get that foot in the door. A bootcamp is a very condensed crash course in the basics of software engineering to get you ready for an industry job.
1)Earn a degree in computer science or a related field.Begin programming i.ePython, C,C++, Java
2)Study data structures and algorithms.
3)Seek an internship.
4)Find job opportunities.
Apart from the traditional route via a computer science degree, you can:
- start learning to code now
- share the projects you build
- help people around you with software development needs: businesses, artists, non-profits, and many other kinds of organizations could use your skills
- you now have experience writing software and applying it in the world and can be hired as a professional software engineer
The most straightforward path to becoming a Software Engineer is to earn a degree in Software Engineering/Computer Science. Most major Colleges and Universities offer a degree in Software Engineering and companies are always looking for newly graduated students to come and work for them!
There are also a number of Coding Bootcamps available that are accelerated programs which teach you the basics of how to be a software engineer. Many of these also offer a guarantee job offer upon completing the program!
You can also learn on your own! I have worked with many great people who are self taught Software Engineers. Finding a job at first may be a little more difficult but once you are able to get your foot in the door and show what a great engineer you are then the sky is the limit.
For all paths it is important to be a life long learner. Always looking to improve yourself as a Software Engineer throughout your career!
Primary way to do this is through a Computer Science degree at university (bachelor, master, etc). It'll require background in math, good foundation in thinking logically, and the ability to program.