2 answers

what are the requirements to be an astronomer/ cosmologists?

Asked Miami Gardens, Florida

2 answers

Deepali’s Answer

Updated India

Dear Jahiem,

Please refer to the link given below, it explains the basic education and the experience requirement to become an astronaut. Hope this helps. :)


"If it interests you, you'll win it" :D

Sheila’s Answer

Updated Atlanta, Georgia

Hello Jahiem: If you want to be an Astronomer, you should study science and math in college. Astronomers are scientists who study stars, planets and space. Because space is so vast, there are many different subcategories in the field of astronomy; many astronomers choose to focus their research in a particular area, such as solar astronomy, radio astronomy, or planetary astronomy. The majority of astronomers can be found working in colleges and universities, teaching courses and conducting research. Many astronomers are also employed by the federal government, particularly at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Department of Defense. While most astronomers spend a significant amount of time working in offices, laboratories, or classrooms, some travel frequently to present at conferences or contribute to international research projects. Requirements include:

  • Ph.D. in the field of astronomy, which usually takes 5-7 years to complete
  • Mathematics and computer science
  • Postdoctoral research positions, which can take roughly 2-3 years to complete. They typically work under senior astronomers before taking on more complex projects. Astronomers who are employed by the federal government may need to obtain proper security clearance.

Astronomers must have the ability to solve complex problems, conduct research and accurately analyze data. They need strong math and science skills, along with being about to work within a team. It also helps to have knowledge of specific science-related software programs.

Here's the link to study.com for additional info. https://study.com/articles/Astronomer_Job_Information_and_Requirements_for_Students_Considering_a_Career_in_Astronomy.html

To learn the difference between an astrologer and cosmologist, here's a link to study.com you may find helpful.


Cosmologists work to learn more about the origins, age, and evolution of the universe as a whole. They are typically concerned with broad theories like string theory, dark energy, and multiverse theory. Modern cosmologists use data collected by satellites and telescopes to map and measure things like the estimated age of the universe and its rate of expansion. The vast majority of cosmologists work in academia, usually under the supervision of the department of physics or astronomy at major colleges and universities. They act not only as professors of cosmology, but also conduct their own research or work as part of a team to test and refine theories.

Since you are in the state of Florida, you may want to consider NASA's STEM Program. Here's the link to their site.


I hope this info is helpful to you on your research. Best of luck!

Sheila recommends the following next steps:

  • Research study.com - -> https://study.com/articles/Astronomer_Job_Information_and_Requirements_for_Students_Considering_a_Career_in_Astronomy.html
  • Research study.com - -> https://study.com/articles/difference_between_astronomer_cosmologist.html
  • Research National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) - -> https://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/5-8/features/F_Astronomy_as_a_Profession.html
  • Research Imagine the Universe - -> https://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/ask_astro/index.html
  • Make sure to bookmark all the sites listed and any new ones you find during your research