A Cyber Security Analyst is a more generic title. Depending on the company giving the title, it could be any number of security positions such as Incident Response, Source Code security analyst, Web threat detection, Runtime Application Self Protection analyst and more. It really depends on how the company is using it.
At my company most of security folks are Security Engineers . However, what department of security we work in and what our job actually entails is different. A Security Engineer in Risk management might only focus on evaluating the risk levels of our applications, networks, etc ensuring they are at least meeting the primary security standards as well. Where as a Security Engineer in Dynamic Application Security would be performing security scans and pen tests at the application layer (ethical hacker) mimicking a hacker to ensure applications are secure to the deepest levels.
A Cybersecurity analyst is a bit more of broader role for Information Security professionals who are tasked with data protection from cyber threats in organizations. For instance, a security risk management analyst, a pen-tester, a digital data forensics are considered Cybersecurity analysts. Cybersecurity analysts can have area of focus with regard to their security roles and responsibilities in their organizations.
Similar to cybersecurity analysts, SOC analysts are the first responders to cyber-incidents. They report cyberthreats and then implement changes to protect an organization.
Job duties include:
Provide threat and vulnerability analysis
Investigate, document and report on information security issues and emerging trends
Analyze and respond to previously undisclosed software and hardware vulnerabilities
Prepare organizational disaster recovery plans
Whereas a cybersecurity analyst may be the only cybersecurity professional at an organization, SOC analysts are generally part of a large security operations team. The SOC analyst role is the last line of defense against cybercriminals. Without them, hackers and other cyber criminals may never be found.
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