I looked at graduate programs in the U.S. and abroad in wildlife ecology. The process in the U.S. involves reaching out to individual professors whose work interests you and trying to set up phone calls, Skype calls or email exchanges to demonstrate your interest in their work and talk about potential study topics. The process takes quite a bit of effort, but on the plus side, you should have a good sense about whether you will be accepted to a school or not before you apply. If you are hoping to get a masters degree, they generally take 2 years after a bachelors and that time is mixed between taking classes, conducting original research, and teaching courses. I ended up choosing to do a masters abroad for a few reasons. The application process was more similar to applying to an undergraduate program and I was able to complete my masters in 1 calendar year instead of 2. All of that being said, for a lot of ecology jobs, it is more often more important to have professional or volunteer experience more so than academic experience. There are definitely jobs that require a masters or PhD but it is often possible to get into these jobs through experience instead so make sure to consider what is best for you.
Last updated Nov 10 '17 at 12:32