First, don’t be afraid to head over to your college’s career center to see what resources they have both in-person and online. Many colleges have digital databases where students can check out internships. In addition, a lot of times these databases contain information on students or alumni who have worked at a particular company in the past, giving you the opportunity to network with these people and set up informational interviews to learn more about their experience at a company you’re considering.
SUMMER INTERNSHIP TIMELINE
One of the most important ways to explore your career options and get hands-on job training while still in school is to engage in a summer internship. The key to landing the right internship is not only knowing what you’re interested in doing but also when you should apply, it’s also important to know the timelines for different fields and what you should be doing each semester to ensure that you land the summer internship of your dreams.
DECEMBER/JANUARY – GET ORGANIZED
Decide which companies or types of companies you’d like to work for. The company’s website and/or your career center portal will likely have those dates published months in advance, so you can schedule reminders and plan your time accordingly. This varies according to industry and company size. Large, well-established companies (Goldman Sachs, Amazon, Chase) will have very structured recruitment processes that will likely move very quickly (networking, applications and interviews will be wrapped up by January). Create a spreadsheet to keep track of every internship you’re interested in.
• Name of internship opportunity
• Whether the opportunity is paid or unpaid
• Materials and Deadlines for the application
• Name and contact information of the hiring manager (so you can follow up)
FEBRUARY/MARCH – START APPLYING YOURSELF
This is going to be your BIG application months, and while it’s going to be a lot of work, you have to do it to land your perfect internship! Late February and early March marks the time when companies start interviewing serious candidates for positions. If a company reaches out to you, make sure you respond quickly and politely to figure out when and where you’ll be interviewed. Additionally, a large portion of your internship decisions will start to come around mid-March, so be sure to communicate with employers in terms of when they need a decision from you.
APRIL – MAKE UP YOUR MIND ALREADY
If you haven’t committed anywhere yet, it’s time hunker down and make up your mind!
If you’ve already committed to an internship, make sure you’re talking to your employer about next steps, like putting you on payroll, submitting forms, and any other pre-internship onboarding processes. Definitely don’t slack off on filling out forms and going through these steps! Not only does it look bad if you’re not on top of it, but you could also potentially jeopardize your internship for not filling something out on time.
Remember Allison, It’ll all be worth it when you’re chilling at your dream internship next summer.
Great question. I've found it's typical for businesses to be looking for students that are finishing out their junior year of college to fill their internship positions, though this can vary by company. There's never any harm in looking for an internship before you reach your junior year- the worst that can happen is you gain experience in enhancing your resume, writing cover letters, and learning how to make yourself stand out as a valuable candidate.
As for the timeline year by year goes, this can vary by industry/major, but it's common to see a lot of recruiting happening in the Fall for Summer internships. I would recommend starting to at least think about looking for open positions by September.
As a marketing major, here was my experience: I started doing research on some companies and updating my resume around August of my junior year. I attended my school's Fall career fair in September, and used the connections I had made to interview with three different companies in mid-October. Second round interviews happened in early-mid November, and I received my internship offer shortly after, around mid-November.
For other majors, though, it might be much more common for their main recruiting season to be in the Spring rather than the Fall. Good luck!
Just wanted to tell you that if you're interested in software engineering, the time to apply is right when school starts. From the business side, my company has just collected all the intern headcount requirements for Summer 2021. This mean that the recruiting team will be looking for intern candidates around the August/September timeframe. When I interview interns, it usually takes place around Oct/Nov. I've interviewed candidates in January before, but that's unusual.
I think it's really cool that you're asking this question, as if I could go back in time, one of the things I'd tell myself is to get a summer internship. I wish you the best of luck!
Of course, industry can change this significantly. Look into Co-Op opportunities if you want to start early into your college career.
Edward Obasi’s Answer
It very much depends on the field and type of companies you are looking to pursue. A lot of big companies like to start recruiting in the fall for their internship programs. Some companies have shorter introductory internship programs for freshman to participate in for a few days (sometimes called externships). Keep an eye out for those because they can be feeder programs for longer prestigious internship programs in future summers.
Usually the airline and airport industry start the summer internship selection around March on the yearly basis.
I recommend that you go directly to the company of your choice and research for internship opportunities. Make your application directly on their website.
For the airlines and airport job opportunities check out the links below.
Congrats on starting college in the fall! The fact that you are already asking and thinking about applying to internships puts you ahead of the game. I would start reaching out and networking over the summer and by early fall start planning on which internships you want to apply for next year. The sooner the better to start looking because different fields have different deadlines (i.e. some are year round and start in the fall, while others might not start until the summer). It also does not hurt to apply to multiple ones and give yourself some options.
I don't think it is ever too early to start searching for the type of internship you would like to see yourself in! Researching internships may seem overwhelming, but they are great opportunities to open doors into your potential career field. If you are looking for summer internships, you will want to start researching at the end of the Fall Semester and apply early in the Spring Semester. Many larger organizations look for interns that are going into their Junior and Senior year of college, but you may be able to find some that will accept lower-level students. Networking with past interns will help give an idea as to what the organization is looking for and what skills you will want to work on to be prepared for the role.
Best of luck!
It is great that you are already thinking about summer internships. Many companies recruit sophomores and juniors for internships starting in the fall. Some companies will hire freshman. I would reach out to the career service center at your college to learn when companies start recruiting interns in your field in your area.
Katie recommends the following next steps:
I don't think it can ever be too early since each internship will only further your work experience. However, many internships are ways for employers to hire individuals. So, they might only be looking for Juniors or Seniors. Way to be ahead of the game!!
It is never to early to start thinking about your career interests and potential internships to consider. As a freshman and sophomore in college, try to focus on gaining any type of job experience that will help your resume and build experience. It does not have to be a job related to your future career goals - it can be any type of job where you will learn valuable skills that can apply in any career. For example, customer facing jobs, sales, on-campus jobs, etc. By your sophomore and junior year, you will have these great experiences to list on your resume and to discuss in interviews when applying for internships. Your sophomore and junior year will be when most employers are taking a serious look at students as potential future employees.
Best of luck!
Great question! A lot of internships have a different timelines for recruiting. For instance, a lot of opportunities in the Technology industry are posted as early as Fall ( September / October). Another example, a lot of consulting internships start the recruiting process very early on during the previous summer.
My recommendation would be to obtain information on the different opportunities from your College Career Center, as they are usually very diligent on posting these opportunities as soon as they come up. Career Fairs are also a great place to connect with some of the organizations that are present, to find out more about them and potentially start your application process. One final great place where you can discover internship offerings is during conferences, where you can learn more about a specific company and get your foot in the door.
I hope this helps. Please do not hesitate to reach out if you have any more questions.
So, I would say the earlier the better when researching and applying to internships. If it doesn't work out the first time, you'll have plenty of time to get an internship over your 4 years. Good luck! :)