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How do most people enter this field?

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Richard’s Answer

In the US, to apply to medical school, you need a bachelor's degree. Any 4-year university should suffice.
Pick a major that interests you so you don't mind devoting a majority of your hours to studying. You will need to get good grades in college in order to apply for medical school. At the medical school I attended, the average GPA is reported to be 3.85, so even one or two B's can hurt your chances of acceptance.
Aside from this, any major is acceptable as long as you complete the prerequisite courses.
Typical medical school prerequisites include:
Biology: Lecture – 4 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
General Chemistry: Lecture – 2 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
Organic Chemistry: Lecture – 2 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
Biochemistry: Lecture – 1 semester
General Physics: Lecture – 2 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
Math: Statistics – 1 semester
English: Rhetoric (Composition) and Literature – 2 semesters
Try to find opportunities to pursue research.
Volunteer at your local hospital or low-income clinic. Ask physicians, PAs or other clinical providers if you can shadow them.
During college study for and complete the MCAT. Devote an entire summer to studying for the MCAT and consider paying for a prep course if you can afford it.
My son used MCAT Complete 7-Book Subject Review 2019-2020: Online + Book + 3 Practice Tests (Kaplan Test Prep) Kaplan Test Prep
It was about $140 and he achieved his goal score.
Apply to medical schools during your last year of college.
Medical school takes 4 years to complete.
After medical school surgeons complete a residency for additional training. These last 5 years and are sometimes followed by an additional year or two of fellowship subspecialty training.

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Rachel’s Answer

General surgery is a great field requiring a medical doctorate. This means that you will have to complete college with a bachelor’s degree as well as all of the Pre-med requirements. GPA should probably be 3.5 or better (preferably 3.8). You will also have to score well on the MCAT. Once accepted to medical school, as long as you pass your classes and perform reasonably well during your four years of medical training, you can apply for a general surgery 5 year residency. Following that, you can apply for a 1-3 year fellowship. This = 13+ years of school after high school. This type of work can be exceedingly stressful and yes, the hours can be grueling. Especially the late night calls and sleep deprivation. However, this is a field that will provide you with purpose, a deep fulfillment in serving your patients, and an intellectual challenge.

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Dan’s Answer

Some schools provide "Pre-med" as a degree, most other's do any general science degree (biology, chemistry, etc) with additional pre-med requisites (gen chem, physics, biology, etc). You will need to do well in classes as well as the entrance examination for medical school (MCAT) in addition to extracurricular actives from research, teaching to sports/hobbies as well.

Essentially, it is a competition between you and other pre-med students to get into limited spots for medical school.

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Megan’s Answer

Most in the medical field I believe choose pre-med as their major in college.