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What are some requirements to become a surgeon? What kind of classes should I take in high school in order to achieve my goal?

I want to know how to achieve my goal to become a cardiothoracic surgeon. #medicine #science #surgery #cardiac-surgeon

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Vernon’s Answer

Certainly take the available anatomy class along with all the AP science classes you can. You MUST get very high marks not only for Med. school admission,but for your knowledge base. If there is a free clinic nearby, visit the doctor there and ask him/her to teach you how to suture, how to create and maintain a sterile field and any other surgical techniques he/she might offer.

Start studying for the MCAT NOW! You can buy practice tests and workbooks at a good bookstore. Begin to set your mind right about being a student, because the next 10 years of your life will all about high-intensity learning.

Also start strengthening your arms and hands. You will need strength, endurance and dexterity as a surgeon. Stay in physical shape and eat proper food. Avoid high fructose corn syrup foods altogether. Learn to meditate and function on little sleep.

Congratulations. You are embarking on one of the most important careers known to mankind. For the sake of all of us who might be under your care, decide to become great at what you do.

Vern Turner
Marble Falls, TX

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Rachel’s Answer

Major in whatever field interests you and will allow you to maintain an excellent GPA. You do need to complete the pre-med requirements that vary from school to school. These include at least a year of biology, 1 year inorganic chemistry, 1 year organic chemistry + labs, physics, calculus, and biochemistry. Your junior year, you will need to take an MCAT study course prior to taking the MCAT. With a solid GPA and MCAT score, you should be a competitive applicant.

With regard to highschool classes, take AP Bio, chemistry, and physics.

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Estelle’s Answer

Focus on STEM classes and take as many dual credit/AP classes as you can. In college, your major is not as important as your undergraduate grades, your MCAT score, your letters of reference, and your personal statements on your medical school application. For now, just focus on finding a college that fits you and your budget and a major that really interests you in college so that you will make great grades and get strong letters of recommendation from professors that recognize your potential.
Good luck!

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Richard’s Answer

Take as many STEM classes as you can. Focus on AP or IB courses to get college credit. Once in college, you must complete a bachelors degree in any field while completing the prerequisite courses.

Typical medical school prerequisites include:
Biology: Lecture – 4 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
General Chemistry: Lecture – 2 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
Organic Chemistry: Lecture – 2 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
Biochemistry: Lecture – 1 semester
General Physics: Lecture – 2 semesters; Lab – 1 semester
Math: Statistics – 1 semester
English: Rhetoric (Composition) and Literature – 2 semesters

Some medical schools require humanities and social/behavioral science courses. The MCAT also has a Psychology/Sociology section.

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Aijaz’s Answer

Surgeons are physicians who specialize in invasive medical treatments that involve cutting open the human body to treat certain illnesses, physical conditions, and injuries. Surgeons are among the most highly educated and well-paid professionals in the United States, making surgery a very desirable and sought-after career.

There will continue to be a large demand for surgeons and other medical professionals in the coming years as populations continue to grow. Read this article to learn how to become a surgeon.
Graduate from high school or pass the GED (General Education Development) exam. This is the first step on the road to becoming a surgeon. While in high school, pay special attention to science subjects like biology, physiology, chemistry, and physics. How you perform in these types of classes early on will help you determine whether a career in medicine is the right choice for you. •Take the SATs, the required standardized test for college admission, your junior year and apply to various colleges and universities to increase your likelihood of acceptance. Improve your scores by taking an SAT prep course or hiring a private tutor to help you study.
Get a bachelor's degree. While there is no particular major requirement for medical school, you should choose a science-related major and complete coursework in physiology, biology, chemistry, mathematics, and English.[1] Try to space out your pre-med courses over the course of four years so that you can devote enough time to each one and maximize your performance.[2] •When possible, get to know your professors on a personal level, as you may be asked to provide letters of recommendation when applying to medical school

Take the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test). Your score on this test, as well your college transcripts, will determine whether and where you are accepted to medical school.[4] Once you have completed the test, apply to various medical schools, taking into consideration their reputability, location, and cost. Send your test scores, transcripts, and any additional required materials to the admissions offices of the schools you are applying to. •Some schools also require letters of recommendation from either your professors or previous employers,[5] and others require interviews prior to acceptance.

Complete medical school. Most programs take four years to complete, and will earn you either a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.). During the first two years, students study anatomy, biochemistry, psychology, medical ethics, and other subjects in classroom and laboratory settings.[6] During the second two years, students get more hands-on experience treating patients under the supervision of medical professionals.[7] •M.D.s and D.O.s receive very similar education and training, and perform most of the same duties as doctors, but D.O.s receive extra training in the musculoskeletal system, or the system of bones and muscles in the body.[8] They also take different licensure examinations after completing medical school and residency programs.

Complete a residency program. Once you have graduated from medical school, you will need to complete a surgical residency program in a specialized area. Residencies vary in duration, lasting from 3 to 8 years, and involve working in hospitals and treating patients under the supervision of other doctors.[9] •Residency programs focus on different specialized areas of study, including anesthesiology, critical care medicine, infectious diseases, psychiatry, preventative medicine, urology, and neurology.[10] These programs vary in duration depending on which subject you choose to specialize in.

Get licensed. Every state requires that surgeons and physicians be licensed, but specific requirements vary between states. Eligibility for licensure requires having completed medical school and a residency, and passing written and practical exams.[11] You will also need to pass one of the following national standardized licensure examinations: •M.D.s must take the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE).[12]
•D.O.s take the Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA). Many D.O.s also take the USMLE though this is optional for DO medical students.[13]
Decide what type of surgeon you want to be. There are many different types of surgery that a physician can focus on. Your experience during the first two years of medical school will help you narrow down your focus to one specialized area of study. Consider the following examples of different types of surgeons: • Cardiac surgeons focus on the heart and cardiovascular system, performing surgical treatments for a variety of conditions including atherosclerosis and congenital heart disease.
• General surgeons focus on the abdominal area, treating conditions of the appendix, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and more.[14]
• Orthopedic surgeons focus on surgical treatment of musculoskeletal conditions affecting the bones, joints, and ligaments. These include spinal disorders, sports injuries, trauma, and bone tumors.[15]
• Neurosurgeons focus on the surgical treatment of neurological conditions.[16] They typically complete five to six years of residency training, and perform surgery on the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.[