I unfortunately have not been as lucky as Padma. The answer for me is yes. I got lower raises than male coworkers with equal experience, doing the same work (in fact, I also helped him sometimes), and he got promoted faster than I did. One company had the audacity to offer me, with 3 years of direct experience, the same salary they offered my younger brother right out of college, which was $20,000 less than what I was asking for and currently making. Both of these were programming roles. I have also had two jobs where I'm pretty sure my pay was absolutely fair gender-wise. Also keep in mind that just because you have a female manager doesn't necessarily mean you'll get treated equally as your male coworkers.
The only suggestion I really have is to know your worth! With glassdoor and other ways to check salaries, make sure you ask for at least the average. Always negotiate your job offers if you are interested in the role (in the case of the second company, I found it so insulting I just decided it wasn't worth it). I find it really scary to negotiate, but that's one way males end up making more. Vacations and perks are other ways you can negotiate. Also don't be afraid to apply to jobs that you aren't 100% qualified for; companies post their dream applicant, but know they're asking for more than they can get.
And finally, there are companies out there that do try hard to pay equally!