Hi Bao-Truc. Here are some tips that worked for me.
Organization is key! Get a college planner. This can be a planner with a creative design, a plain notebook, a wall calendar, or even a small dry erase calendar for your desk that changes each month. A wall calendar or desk calendar is best for double-checking appointments, events, and due dates while a notebook planner of some sort will be best for planning on-the-go, wherever you are. This planner will keep you in check when you are in class or in a meeting with your advisor. If digital works better for you, think about setting up an agenda on your mobile device. You can set up reminders for test dates, department events, study times, and assignment due dates. Additionally, you can create a study outline on your device in something like Google Docs, Microsoft Word, or another digital format that works for you.
Plan Ahead. Create a study plan at the beginning of the semester based on your course syllabus. Ideally, you should study a little bit every day throughout the week -- even just 20 minutes can make a huge difference -- so you do not wind up cramming and stressing out right before the big exam.
Take Good Notes. Studying starts in the classroom. Pay attention and take good notes, so when you are studying later, you are just reviewing information (instead of learning it for the first time). Speak with your professor about recording lectures on your phone. A recording can complement your notes so you can go back and re-listen to the information in case there are other details you pick up on later to note. Effective note-taking strategies can have a direct impact on your study habits and is one of the most important study tips for college.
Find a Routine. Getting yourself into a study routine is one of the best ways to make sure that studying becomes a part of your everyday habit. Figure out what time of day works best for you and make a real effort to dedicate that time to reviewing notes, videos, and other related resources. Pick times during the week to try out your studying. You can try studying in the morning on one day, the afternoon another day, and in the evening if that works best for you when there are no distractions at the end of the night. Once you have decided which time works best for you, try to stick with that time of day every day (or at least 3 days a week) to get in the habit of studying consistently. You might wind up rearranging your routine due to extracurricular activities, time with friends, and other commitments, but be sure to prioritize your studies and get them done in one way or another.
Eliminate Distractions. Studying without distractions is crucial. If you are studying alone, try to find a quiet space or put headphones in to block out noise from your surroundings. If you are in an area trying to study and it is just not working out, relocate. It might be frustrating to have to pick up and move, but it will be worth it once you’re in a good environment. Consider putting your phone on silent or vibrate too -- you can always respond to your messages after your study session!
Study with Friends who also want to succeed. Encouraging friends to study with you can make everything more fun and productive! Ask your classmates to study with you at a certain time and location. For example, you can ask your biology colleagues to study with you after class for an hour at the school cafe. You can set up your computers at a table together and grab some snacks and coffee to enjoy the time. The same goes for studying with your friends. If you’re not in a class with them, studying together in-person can help you hold each other accountable.
Ask for Help! If you really do not understand a concept, ask questions! Stop by your professors’ offices during their office hours, or contact classmates and professors via email. Some classes might even have a Facebook Group to keep students engaged and to create an environment to ask questions outside of class. Either way, your professors will be on your side – nonjudgmental, wanting to help you understand the class in its entirety.
Teach Someone! Teaching a friend, family member, or even your pet the material is a great way to see how well you know it! When you explain it to someone else, you’ll have a better grasp of which information you already have mastered and which information you should revisit for yourself.
Switch Up Your Study Spots. Studying in the same spot can get tedious, so why not mix it up and get a new perspective on things? College campuses have tons of study spots for students—from the library to the campus lawn to local cafes (think back to studying with friends and finding an area to set up for an hour or for the day). Take advantage of these study areas, both indoors and outdoors, and give yourself a new view every day!
Do NOT Cram. While it may seem like a good idea to learn an entire semester’s worth of information in one night, it’s not an effective study habit, and it can cause a lot of unnecessary stress. Instead, study a little bit of information every day for at least 20 – 30 minutes. You will likely remember more later and you will feel calm and prepared when it comes to exam time.
Memorize vs. Understand. One of the study tips for college that can make a massive difference in how you approach new information is knowing the difference between memorizing the material and understanding it. Memorizing information is not actually learning the information -- it is just helping you learn how to repeat it during a finite time.
Review and Reorganize Your Notes. Whether you are using a notebook, a laptop, or good old-fashioned flashcards, reviewing each line of your notes helps ensure that you hit all the right information you reviewed in class and might even remind you of a few things you would have missed otherwise. It is good to review notes shortly after class, and then again a few days later. This allows you to take a break between edits and come back to the information with a fresh perspective.
Study Smarter, Not Harder. Occasionally, college professors will tell you the information that will (or will not) be on an exam -- listen to them! They are sharing this information with you to save you time so you are not studying the wrong information for hours, and you can focus on the important points. If you are unsure about what to focus on while studying, send your professor a quick email to confirm or speak with him or her after class.
Use the Reward System. Studying can be draining, so treat yourself for a little motivation. Buy a coffee from your favorite coffee shop or get some study snacks from the campus convenience store. You can also reward yourself by taking breaks for activities you enjoy, like walking, reading, or watching TV. Adding in a reward will give you something fun to work towards.
Take Breaks. Continuing from the previous point, taking breaks is important. Breaks give you a boost of productivity, reset, and prevent burnout. It might seem like you need to use all the time you possibly can to study, back-to-back, but your brain will start to slow down if you do not give it a chance to relax. Taking breaks can help you get the most out of your study time with the least amount of stress.
Be Confident About Your Studies. It might be easy to fall into a trap of stressing yourself out while you are studying, but that will be counterintuitive in the big picture. You can control when you study and how you study to help prepare you for your exams. After that, you have to be confident and try your best to retain the information. Believing in yourself and trusting that you’ve got this can help you forget about the stress and focus on moving forward.
Stay focused! Good luck!