What are the key basics to computer engineering?
I know computer engineering does include more than computers but I have built a computer in the past.
Are we getting in depth of what certain parts do(motherboard, cpu, RAM, etc) and how to build them?
If its hardware, then do look at the course outline of a course you want to do to see the exact subjects you will do, that will give you a good idea of what will get covered. If you are interested in RAM, CPU etc. design then you will find relevant areas in computer engineering, electronics engineering, physics departments.
If its software then there are many areas with computer science being a being a good broad base. I would encourage not to overspecialize unless you really really know what you want to do. At the end all knowledge you learn will not be as critical as the attitude, problem solving and experience you bring to the table.
Engineering usually means designing, improving so yes, it is more than just known how to plug two things together and push the "on" button.
Hardware engineering requires knowledge in electric/electronic to be able to design better boards, better batteries, less consumption, faster, bigger etc. ... This is not about plugin a RAM on the motherboard, this is designing new RAMs :)
Same goes with software Engineering.
There are times when Engineers also do that work as well. In the software part especially, software engineers do design but also code, a lot. If you want to be a good software engineer, you need to know how computers and operating systems work in order to understand how your program works and how to write some efficient code.
computer engineering involves hardware and software, and maybe you can investigate more about in the next, but you have to love coding and technology, and to always be updated
Business Systems Analyst.
Client Support Representative.
Computer Security Analyst.
Hardware Systems Designer.
Right now I would simply explore the field by using Google and searching "Computer Engineering" and starting there. By the way, do you like math? It helps!