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What are the branches available in Engineering and which one I should choose?

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Hi! I am class 9 student. I am interested in Maths. So I want to build my career as an Engineer. I don't have knowledge about branches available in engineering. I'll be glad to you, if you provide me details. #engineering #engineer #mechanical-engineer #software-engineer #electrical-engineer #petroleum-engineering

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5 answers

Michael’s Answer

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Hi There,


This is a great question, and it's great that you are looking to build your career as an engineer. Engineers leave universities with great opportunities, both inside and outside of the engineering sector. Employers are fond of engineer's problem-solving abilities. Since you are in Grade 9, here are some quick opportunities concerning the branches available for engineering:


-Chemical Engineer: can work at chemical plants, supply chain, oil rigs/petroleum, alternative energy sources, etc.
-Mechanical Engineer: can work for manufacturing, development of new products, etc.
-Civil Engineer: mostly revolved around building, designing, etc.
-Electrical/Computer Engineer: computer systems, design, circuits, coding/programming, etc
-Industrial Engineer: a little bit of all of the above


The great news is, although my answers here are broad, most engineers are cross-functional. I work for an insurance company as an engineer after completing my Chemical Engineering degree. The opportunities are certainly there for you. If you want some more detail or would like me to expand on this, feel free to respond. Best of luck!

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Furgencio’s Answer

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Identify your interests and the underlying reason as to why you like or enjoy Math. Is it the numbers? Is because it's the best thing you are good at? Do you love the theory or the application of it? You need to know yourself first, and why do you think you like it. Also, join it together with how you would like to give back to the world, may that be people, environment, society as a whole. How would you like to impact the world? A big question to wrestle with while in High School. But this will dictate in what capacity will you marry your interest of math to a functional expression of it (engineering). People think Math, and think business people, bankers, sales people, accountants, book keepers, not just engineers. What is it about Math that peaks your curiosity?

Furgencio recommends the following next steps:

  • Identify your interests (you mentioned Math)
  • Identify your strengths within Math (you can breakdown math easily so others understand, you enjoy figuring out different ways to arrive to the same answer, what is it about Math that interests you, and there your strength may be)
  • Identify other things you like outside of Math, they may involve numbers (Sports stats, Book keeping, budget, medicine dosage, car specs, computer specs, finances) or not (animals, history, video games, healing, travels, etc)
  • Mesh your outside interest with why you like Math, this may be a true starting point to see where should you start. Also, remember the difference between a function and an industry, you can like Math and want to be all around it but don't want to do it all the time because your true passion is for example food, at that point, you can be in a more mathematical industry (Academia, Research, Economist, Statistics, STEM) and be a chef in it, or work for the Food Industry and be an accountant. There are many different ways to go about it.
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ritesh’s Answer

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Career Advice Tips to select the best engineering branch:

1.Entrance: You need to clear the entrance exams like the CET for example which has a set of aptitude question that you need to attempt and clear. Sometimes there are negative markings and sometimes there are no such selection criteria. If you are sure about the answers then choose the right one but if you are not then just leave it because such mistakes will narrow down the chance of choosing your branch and you might need to pay extra donations if you cannot get through merit quota. Take this career advice to wait till the last round and get to know where you land and also apply for other colleges where you can easily get your desired branch.

2) Passing the exams: The subjects are quite common in the first year of engineering for all the branches and from the second year of engineering you will get into your chosen core of engineering. For instance, if your choose computers you will have everything related to algorithms, coding, architecture, software design, etc. Choose the branch where you have the interest to learn and clear exams easily without any backlogs that are best career advice anyone can give you.

3) Scope: Before choosing a branch the second point after your interest that you need to consider is the future scope of that branch. For example branches like Civil Engineering and Agriculture Engineering have an excellent future scope similar to IT sector a decade back. Choose a career where you will have an excellent job opportunity.

4) Salary packages: This is the most important career advice that you need to consider as there is no point in choosing a job with less salary. Although you may have interest and the field has good scope in India, you may need to struggle a lot to get a good package. It depends on your priority “ what really matters to you” money or interest or scope. Sometimes you are lucky enough to get all the three together. For instance, there are lots of scopes to grow in Civil Engineering but when compared to IT sector the former has a low pay scale as of now.

5) College: At the time of selecting a college you need to consider its placement records, its coaching style: ask the passed out students about the college, sometimes the college is reputed but you got a course with less scope or you don’t have interest in it. In such cases even if you get a C grade college with a course of your interest you will definitely perform better.

6) After Diploma: If you have done your Diploma then take this career advice to choose the same stream in your second year and that makes sense. When compared to the first year students who enter the second year the diploma students will perform better because most of the subjects are actually easier and familiar.

7) Higher Studies: There are lots of candidates who want to go for higher studies and here they must choose the best engineering branch which is easy to pursue and clear. You can also try doing correspondence course if you just want a degree for namesake.


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Glenn S.’s Answer

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Michael gave a great answer. The really question is what interests you besides Math. You will also need to have an interest in science.


Chemical Engineers need to have a good understanding of Chemistry and Physics
Mechanical Engineers and Civil Engineers will have a deep focus on Physics
Electrical Engineers will no go as deep in to these areas.
Biomedical Engineering will need to understand Physics, Chemistry, and physiology,


I would look beyond what you would study, but what you would like to do after school.

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John’s Answer

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Engineering is a very broad term that leads to many different specialties but they all start with math and science. So, your skill in maths is important. Engineers design big things like buildings, bridges, roadways; engineers design very small things like integrated circuits and microprocessors that are used in computers, mobile phones, radios; engineers design processes that make things work efficiently like shipping routes, aircraft schedules, and manufacturing sequences; engineers design audio systems and equipment like speakers, microphones, and broadcast stations; engineers design things that control fluids like canals, piping systems, pumps, dams; engineers design power plants like auto engines, jet engines, electricity generation systems; and on and on.


But, don't let all this variety confuse you. Start with what you like -- maths and science -- how things work -- how to make things better --- and then, as you learn more and more about all these things you'll begin to find one or two areas that are especially interesting. Follow these paths and you will do well.

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