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Project Manager

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Michael’s Answer

Jokingly, a project manager herds cats.

Seriously: A project Manager is really a jack-of-all trades type of operations role that understands schedules, budgeting, and works well with people and forms relationships. Successful Project Managers tend to be individuals who grasp technical and non-technical concepts well, and can link the concepts and communicate them out to the rest of a project team and stakeholders in clear terms that everyone understands. The actual administrative work is fairly routine, from updating schedules, assigning tasks, and ensuring project work is being done.

However, the role of a Project Manager is being migrated away from this administrative burden to the world of Agile where Project Managers are replaced with Scrum Masters and Agile Coaches who help project teams manage their works and find what works for those teams. Particularly in the technology space, there's an aversion to too much non-value added administrative tasks, so minimizing that is key, and frankly, makes a lot of business sense. A really good example of this is the Engineering Culture at Spotify (reference: and how they fight to stay lean and experiment. They don't have a bunch of project managers, but rather a suite of Agile Coaches to help small teams develop small bits of the entire platform, coordinate across with the enterprise architects, and build a culture of experimentation and rapid failure and learning.

If you're interested in the operations side of projects, then Agile might also just feel more natural. Traditional Project Management (Waterfall) approach is great if you know exactly what it is you're building, but most projects are sort of exploratory as they go, with some loose requirements at the beginning and grow further as they move. Construction and things like Astro-engineering tend to need really great traditional project managers, as their requirements are fixed at the start of the project.

This is a really great explanation. Indeed these days Agile is the talk Dipankar Ghosh

Herding cats is spot on. Rebecca Brooks

Grasping the technical is a great way to sum this up. A Project or Program Manager (PM) does not need to be an engineer however ; should be able to understand and translate what the engineers are telling them into high level executive terms to help the business understand the design challenges the team is having. This usually equates to schedule and budget impacts where you will have to find work-arounds scenarios to overcome those challenges. Regarding Agile this methodology is slowly creeping into non-information technology project management fields and PM's maintain the administrative duties. Robert Fisher PMP

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Manuela’s Answer

A project manager is the person responsible for leading a project from its inception to execution. This includes planning, execution and managing the people, resources and scope of the project. Project managers must have the discipline to create clear and attainable objectives and to see them through to successful completion. The project manager has full responsibility and authority to complete the assigned project.

A project manager's position may end with the completion of the assigned project, or it may be a semipermanent position for a limited time or until a predetermined point in the project’s schedule or stage of completion.

There are many certifications offered in project management from a variety of organizations. These include Project Management Professional (PMP), Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) and Program Management Professional (PgMP).

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Jayesh’s Answer

I think you got pretty good responses to your question. A related question, I would ask is - Who are Project Managers?

I recommend that you read the article at
Once you understand who they are, you will get more clarity on their responsibilities.

Hope this helps. Wish you all the best for your future endeavors.

Good suggestion, Jayesh. many times we look at the roles and responsibilities, but less we discuss behavioral characteristics about these professions that make them successful. Leion- check to see if you can relate to these characteristics to pursue PM career. PINKAL GANDHI

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Patricia’s Answer

Hi Leion!

I have been Project Manager IT for 11 years, so I can tell you some about her profile and what we do. I spend a lot of time in coordination sessions and make sure things happen, that's the mantra of a PM

A project manager is a person who has the overall responsibility for the successful initiation, planning, design, execution and monitoring.

The project manager must have a combination of skills including an ability to ask penetrating questions, detect unstated assumptions and resolve conflicts, as well as more general management skills.

A project manager is a person who is responsible for making decisions, both large and small. The project manager should make sure they control risk and minimise uncertainty. Every decision the project manager makes must directly benefit their project.

Some of our activities including:

Planning and Defining Scope
Resource Planning
Developing Schedules
Time Estimating
Cost Estimating
Developing a Budget
Creating Charts, Schedules and Presentations to report the status of the project
Risk Analysis

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Christophe’s Answer

Hi there

Project management is

  • coordination of actions

  • organization and team definition ( finf the right people for each tasks)

  • drive the team ( set up meetings /calls - take notes during meeting - circulate notes

  • use templates for builind answer and share them with the team

  • use tools (software) for achieving the goal

All these tasks will help you to meet expectations and respect deadlines

Do not forget that one key point is to be able to ask people to perform tasks with no direct management line with You
Communication skills and influencing is also a big part of being successful

More information on this web site (i am using it a lot)


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Vivek’s Answer

Most of the time Project Managers communicate. It can be communication with the team for planning the project deliverables or communicating to management about the status of the projects. If there are risks or issues facing a project then a project manager communicates the same to the required parties, so communication forms a big part of day to day life of a project manager.

The analysis is another thing Project Managers need to do on a day to day basis. They need to access the situation, For example, check that project deliverables will meet the required timelines if not then what is the underlying reason and how it can be resolved.

The fun part of being a project manager is that you get to learn new things. In information technology, on any given day a project manager can manage software development projects, and the next day he / she can be managing projects related to database or IT infrastructure build like servers.

Hope this helps. Please let me know in case you have any more questions or need me to explain in further detail.

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bridget’s Answer

Hi Adakis:

Project Managers bring organization to teams so they can define and deliver a product.

Check out what has to say about Project Management (career overview, education, job market, salaries): You will see that almost every industry you can think of has a need for project managers!

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Blake’s Answer

Project managers coordinate the project to make sure that things are on track and completed on time. This can be a simpler role of checking in on everyone involved (which is not simple at all) or can be more of a technical resource as well, using industry knowledge, management skill, persuasion and planning insight to help make a project successful. Communication is key with being a project manager in my experience. If you love working with people and getting to see all aspects of a project it is a great area to be involved in.

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Santosh’s Answer

Project managers are accountable for end to end project implementation and through successful closure. They manage all areas of the project and mainly the scope, schedule & budget. They do communication most of the time in their day to day job. Stakeholder management, negotiation, leadership skills are important to become a good project manager. You need to be proactive with your approach and since the world is leading towards an agile environment it is very important to have that change in the mindset. To guide, lead and be backbone for the project team to enable them to deliver is crucial.

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Kristen’s Answer

A project manager sees a project through from beginning to end. The PM is responsible for scheduling meetings, following-up on deliverable, creating a project plan, managing the budget (if needed), draft and send communications, etc. A Project Manager should be organized, detail oriented, and results driven.

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Manina’s Answer

A Project Manager:
- Leads project team through internal alignment project activities
- Create and manage project plan
- Ensure all necessary parties engaged
- Manage project plan
- Ensure all project activities are completed throughout design
- Highlight risks, escalations, updates to project teams and leadership
- Manage development schedule and resources through build
- Oversee UAT and report progress to team and leaders
- Highlight risks, escalations, updates
- Oversee go live and cutover plans
- Highlight risks, escalations, updates to project teams and leadership
- Lead team through any go live issues
- Ensure post go live business stability
- Complete project retrospective
- Complete operational hand-off to Business
- Close out project documentation

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Divya’s Answer

A project manager is the one who is responsible and accountable for the successful execution of the project. Project Manager is one who can motivate his/her team on a daily basis to ensure the team is delivering and also having a good work environment.

Apart from knowing the project management processes ( as mentioned by others through PMI), project manager should be a very good communicator who can handle stakeholders and also internal team conflicts. A good negotiator with cross-collaboration skills.

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Tariq’s Answer

A project manager is like an air traffic controller, aiming to land planes in the right order, on time. They're not the pilots flying the plane, or any of the supporting personnel... But guide, decide, and direct action in order to achieve the desired outcome.

The planes being projects, or components of a project.

A PM uses a number of key tools in order to achieve this:

1. Action Plans which at a minimum contain an action, owner of the action, status, and due date
2. Project Meetings to synchronize, determine next steps, and unblock tasks
3. Communication upwards and downwards to maintain a shared collective understanding of where things are at
4. Estimation and forecasting
5. Reports & visualization to monitor the health and progression of the project, including team velocity
6. Manage risks to the project

Skills wise requires strong communication, leadership, decisiveness, and organization skills.

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Divya’s Answer

A project manager is the one who is responsible and accountable for the successful execution of the project. Project Manager is one who can motivate his/her team on a daily basis to ensure the team is delivering and also having a good work environment.

Apart from knowing the project management processes ( as mentioned by others through PMI), project manager should be a very good communicator who can handle stakeholders and also internal team conflicts. A good negotiator with cross-collaboration skills.

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Drew’s Answer

Project managers do lot, but it can be summed up in saying that a project manager's job is to execute a project in time, on budget, and within scope. That is easier said than done because the reality of being a project manager is that you are working as:

- a leader to keep people moving in the right direction,
- an organizer to plan and coordinate all the moving part of a project
- a communicator to successfully relay the status, importance, and goals of the project to everyone involved in the project.

There are, of course, many layers to this and these are only a few of the things a project management must do. You will find that these skills are needed in every industry.

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Niteesh’s Answer

A project manager is a professional in the field of project management.
Project managers have the responsibility of the planning, procurement and execution of a project, in any undertaking that has a defined scope, defined start and a defined finish; regardless of industry.
Project managers are first point of contact for any issues or discrepancies arising from within the heads of various departments in an organization before the problem escalates to higher authorities, as project representative.

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Santosh’s Answer

Project managers are accountable for end to end project implementation and through successful closure. They manage all areas of the project and mainly the scope, schedule & budget. They do communication most of the time in their day to day job. Stakeholder management, negotiation, leadership skills are important to become a good project manager. You need to be proactive with your approach and since the world is leading towards an agile environment it is very important to have that change in the mindset. To guide, lead and be backbone for the project team to enable them to deliver is crucial.

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Karthik’s Answer

The following are the roles and responsibilities of a Project Manager.

1) They maintain a team which involves in a Project be it, software development or testing, building or machinery or any field
2) They have dead lines and project schedules to complete the project within the time frame at effective cost with utmost perfection
3) They deal with clients finalize the specifications and project deadlines are discussed with team members
4) Every team member is allocated with a part of work which involves various stages of developments
5) He is responsible for every team members growth
6) He with a collaborative environment with his team will successfully complete the project

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Dawn’s Answer

Project Managers are "change agents" who are organized, passionate and goal-oriented and who understand what projects have in common, and their strategic role in how organizations succeed, learn and change. Here is a helpful article from the Project Management Institute:

Best of luck in everything you do!

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Raphael’s Answer

The great thing about project and program management is that you can get a job in many different fields so it provides many options to choose areas of interest. For example, I led software development programs for many years and most recently switched to delivering artificial intelligence solutions. While the technologies are different the "program management" methodology remains constant. As you start to deliver projects in the area of your choosing it also gives you an opportunity to learn more about that industry and in turn become a better project manager. I suggest reading the PMBOK book (a little dry) but it will give you a very solid base of knowledge to start down the path.

Raphael recommends the following next steps:

Read the PMBOK (Project Management Book of Knowledge)
Check out PMI org web site

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Hosna’s Answer

A good project manager is an overarching lead integrating all the relevant tasks and task owners under an overarching E2E execution.   Oversighting  for proper interlocks and deliverables

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Edgar’s Answer

Project Managers are the "CEO" of a given body of work, time, and money. They work to ensure a timely delivery of the project, within scope and budget.

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Kole’s Answer

Project Manager can do or mean a lot of things but I think it can be summed up as a communicator. The above answers talk about what a project manager does and all of the responses come from being a great communicator. Communicating to different audiences. Writing a project plan and how it addresses each team. Creating a communication that is efficient.

Kole recommends the following next steps:

Read this article on PMI's website

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Munazza’s Answer

A project manager's revolves around the following domains:

Initiating: includes defining scope, developing project charter, stakeholder mapping etc
Planning: includes developing project schedule, human resource planning, work breakdown, defining requirements etc
Executing: includes managing resources for project execution
Controlling and monitoring: includes monitor risks, assess issues, measure performance, manages changes, manage project communication etc
Closing: includes obtaining final acceptance for the project, distributing final project report etc

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Meena’s Answer

Project Managers plan and execute the projects; managing cost, timelines, resources, stakeholders and teams.
There are a lot of certification courses out there in project management. Taking up any certification course will help you get equipped with the skills you need.

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Melissa’s Answer

Project Managers are ultimately responsible for managing the Scope (what the , Schedule, Budget and Resources for their projects. Projects can vary by industry and/or customer. The role requires someone with great organizational skills, the ability to communicate written and verbally and can manage people and relationships.

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John’s Answer

Once you attain your Project Management Certification, you can apply the tools across any and all fields. Get certified and find a field that you enjoy.

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Shaun’s Answer

A project manager manages the following:
manage a project's scope (the purpose of the project)
manage a project's issues (problem that can impact the project)
manage a project' risks (events that affect the project in a positive or negative way)
manage a project's schedule (working with the people doing work on the project to get estimates to create a schedule)
manage the project's resources (the need's of the people working on the project)
manage the project's communication (the statuses and communications that are sent to the workers and people affected by the project)

These few items are some of the important items that a project manager is responsible and thus does this in the role as project manager.

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Lakshmi’s Answer

I think you have pretty good responses and suggestions so far. Project Management skills can be applied in any role you do, it gives thinking pattern on what are the deliverables, what needs to be solved and what is the espected ROI, stakeholders, create task lists, add time lines, implementation and at the end to make sure to follow up and monitor on the results, if it met the expected ROI.

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David’s Answer

They help bring everything together. Project managers work to balance the scope, schedule, and costs to bring about a change, product or result. They usually don't have anyone report to them so they need to leverage soft skills to get teams to work together.

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Ravi’s Answer

The Project Manager is responsible for delivering the project, with authority and responsibility from the Project Board to run the project on a day-to-day basis.

Role of the project manager
The project manager is the individual responsible for delivering the project. The individual leads and manages the project team, with authority and responsibility from the project board, to run the project on a day-to-day basis. Controlled Environments is the standard project management method and is applicable to all project types.

The project manager has an important role in interfacing between the project and the business area. This is important for communicating and encouraging the need for transformation and change within the business area in tandem with the delivery of new capabilities from the project. The readiness of the business to exploit the new capability is crucial to success. Without this state of readiness in the business, there are likely to be disruptions and delays in the plan for benefits realisation.

Specific responsibilities of the project manager
The project manager, operating within agreed reporting structures, is responsible for:
designing and applying appropriate project management standards for incorporation
planning and monitoring the project
adopting any delegation and use of project assurance roles within agreed reporting structures-
preparing and maintaining project, stage and exception plans as required
managing project risks, including the development of contingency plans
liaison with programme management (if the project is part of a programme) and related projects to ensure that work is neither ----overlooked nor duplicated
monitoring overall progress and use of resources, initiating corrective action where necessary
applying change control and configuration management processes
reporting through agreed lines on project progress through highlight reports and end-stage assessments
liaison with appointed project assurance representatives to assure the overall direction and integrity of the project
maintaining an awareness of potential interdependencies with other projects and their impact
adopting and applying appropriate technical and quality strategies and standards
identifying and obtaining support and advice required for the management, planning and control of the project
managing project administration
conducting a project evaluation review to assess how well the project was managed
preparing any follow-on action recommendations
In construction projects the project manager also provides the interface between the project sponsor and the supply side of the project team.

Skills and attributes needed to be a project manager
The project manager should be able to:

apply a project management approach to the specific requirements of the project
establish a good working relationship with the Senior Responsible Owner
direct, manage and motivate the project team
develop and maintain an agreed project plan and detailed stage plans
understand and apply business case and risk management processes
tailor expert knowledge to meet specific circumstances
plan and manage deployment of physical and financial resources to meet project milestones
build and sustain effective communications with other roles involved in the project
apply quality management principles and processes
Important to note
The project manager should be appropriately trained in project management techniques and processes. For substantial projects, accredited training such as Practitioner should be considered. It is essential that the skills and experience of the project manager are matched to the requirements of the project and the business should fund appropriate training.

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Megan’s Answer

A project manager plays a strategy and an operational role in an organization. On the strategy side, he/she/they help keep the team on the target with progressing towards the objectives and key results that they've agreed to (we call them OKRs: That leads into the more operational side of thinking with team members about more immediate next steps that need to happen. If you like creating and and the sense of accomplishment that comes with checking items off of "to-do" lists this could be a great role for you.

A trait that it's important to have as a project manager is what I call "encouraging persistence." Blockers come up on projects that can be demotivating and make team members want to give up. It's your job to help come up with work-arounds, escalate decisions to leadership if needed, and re-engage the teams when they are feeling low. There's also a fine line between routinely encouraging members of the team to do things, and being annoying. As a project manager you get good at nudging people to do things in ways that get them to do it, without driving people up the wall.

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Nathalie’s Answer

A Project Manager manages all of the activities and team members required to complete a project on time, on schedule and on budget. We all play the role of a project manager every single day. For example, when you plan a trip you are wearing your project manager hat, when you plan a birthday party, you are wearing a project manager's hat. Making sure you complete your class project, is playing a project manager's hat because you are ensuring that all of the tasks are completed on time and on schedule.

In technology, a Project Manager has more responsibilities - such as making sure the right team members are hired for the different roles , there's enough funding to complete the project to satisfaction, and overall making sure the customer received a quality product. To learn more about this particular role, I would highly recommend signing up with the PMI organization and volunteering as a project coordinator when there's an opportunity.

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N’s Answer

Here are my thoughts about the life of a manager:
- Being a manager is a blessing and a curse. It comes with its advantages and disadvantages.
- Yes, you have more responsibility, but also yes, you have the ability to delegate tasks.
- Being a manager is all about knowing how to manage yourself, your time, your tasks, but also other resources time and tasks. Because at the end of the day, it is your responsibility that the work gets done, whatever way you believe is the most efficient way to get there.
- There is no ONE way to be a manager. Everyone has got their own style, some are more comfortable being micromanagers, and being close to the tasks performed by other resources working with them, others are more comfortable being macro manager, and don't want to be involved in the details of how you get there. I think finding the right balance between the two styles is perfect, but that is up to you.
- Being a manager involves you leading the team, knowing how and when to provide instant feedback, constructive criticism about their strengths as well as development points, but you also have to listen to what they have to say, as every manager needs to know what they need to improve on for the benefit of the team.
- Last, being a manager gives you a certain level of power, the ability to lead and guide the team in a certain direction, the ability to take certain key decisions, but it also puts you in a position, where if something goes wrong, you need to make sure you are ready to take the bullet for the team, and stand up for them rather than throw them under the bus. You fail as a manager, if you don't stand up for your team when something goes wrong.

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Ganesha Sunder’s Answer

I have worked as a Project Manager in my previous role for over 6 years. So, I think I can answer this

Develop the big idea: We are expected to pick up an idea and turn it into an executable project plan.
Organize the project tasks: We will work with the team (requirement to figure out exactly what needs to be done to bring the project to fruition.
Assemble the team: You'll put together a team that can help bring the project idea into reality.
Engaging stakeholders: Stakeholder engagement means working with the people affected by the project to ensure that they understand the coming changes and how the changes will impact them.
Managing the money: Projects cost money, and we must be able to put together a project budget, managing how the money is spent, and controlling costs.
Lead the team: We might be required to coach, train, mentor, and develop the people who work on the project. Leading the team involves setting up and managing collaboration on the team.
Manage the handover: We are expected to provide a clear and complete handover to the team who will manage the project going forward or will be working with the output that the project team delivered.