Can I do research in political science as a high school student? Can I do independent research? Can I get published?
Why not? We can all do independent research for our own curiosity and publish our own blog. This page lists publications: http://www.zfic.org/Publication/Journals%20that%20publish%20original%20research%20by%20students.pdf
Plus, you can get involved in these organizations.
Linda recommends the following next steps:
Sarah recommends the following next steps:
Volunteer to do calls on behalf of a campaign or organization. By volunteering, they may be willing to share their information and polling data with you (after the election, of course). That will give you good data to do your research from.