Sub-fields of Psychiatry...
While researching the career field, I found out that there are sub-fields of psychiatry. I am aware of the following:
- Addiction Psychiatry
- Geriatric Psychiatry
- Pediatric Psychiatry
What do these sub-fields mean? Are there other sub-fields I should be aware of? How does one get into these fields?
I agree with the other responders that there are too many sub-fields to list and describe here. I recommend you think about the type of population you want to work with, the type of work environment you might like, the earning potential you are looking for, and what you think you need in order to feel pleased about what you choose to do. After narrowing things down, focus on the sub-fields you feel most closely fit your criteria and get on the path of researching fields extensively.
I hope this somewhat general answer will help. Check out my optional next steps below.
I hope you find what you are looking for.
mark recommends the following next steps:
Candice Robinson, BS, NCPT-4
1. Addiction Psychiatry: Focuses on people of all ages who have addictions. Though most commonly it refers to drug or substance abuse, they also deal with people with other addictions to include but not limited to; food, gambling, or sex. This field also ties in closely with neuropsychology in that many addiction issues are connected to impulse control.
2. Geriatric Psychiatry: This is the psychiatry of old age. It is also known as geropsychiatry or psychogeriatrics. Old age is generally defined as those 65 years of age older. These types of psychiatrists evaluate, diagnose, and help older people with mental disorders that may have started later on in life.
3. Pediatric Psychiatry: This specialty is also known as Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. It focuses on the care of ages 4 up to 18. An interesting aspect of this branch of the psychiatry field is that it has more focus on prevention than just curing. It delves deeper into biological and social components that effect and cause child behaviors.
4. Neuropsychiatry: Studies how the brain functions and is stimulated and how these functions cause mental disturbances. The field can also come more specific in the study of Neurorehabilitation, which is the study of the brain's repair after injury or nervous system disorders.
5. Forensic Psychiatry: It is the combination of law or criminology and psychiatry. It is heavily science based. Forensic psychiatrists are unique in that they might spend some of their time actually evaluating legal cases. They may also design and implement treatment programs to be used by courts or correctional facilities. They even may work as special agents to the FBI.
6. Perinatal Psychiatry: Deals with women's mental health during and after pregnancy or the postpartum period. Depression and mood/anxiety disorders are commonly seen in pregnancy and may last up to a year afterward. They do not only treat mothers, but also support infant wellbeing and the relationship between parent and child.
7. Family Psychiatry: These types of psychiatrists treat individual problems as well as those that occur within a family unit. They show families how to support and care for a loved one who may be diagnosed with a mental illness. They perform a wide range of tasks to include evaluation, medication management, and therapy.
8. Research Psychiatry: Seeks to understand the true causes of mental illnesses. Also may tie in with neuropsychiatry. The goal of this field is to be able to take their studies and develop more efficient treatment procedures. Research psychiatry also lends itself to training other psychiatrists on advanced treatment outcomes.
9. Administrative Psychiatry: These types of psychiatrists usually work for a hospital or facility. Many of them work in the public sector or for Psychiatry residency programs. They have positions in leadership that may deal with a wide range of things from management to organizing clinical operations.
10. Organizational Psychiatry: This is a subspecialty of psychiatry that is also known as Industrial Psychiatry. It focuses on the mental of health of people in the workplace. It examines the relationship between stress and the work that people do. Their goal is to improve the quality of the workplace by examining organizational structure and suggesting or implementing changes as needed. Many Human Resource departments of major companies have an Organizational Psychiatrist on staff.
11. Emergency Psychiatry: Just as it sounds these are psychiatrists that work in emergency settings. They make work in the ER of a hospital. They deal with crisis related issues such suicide, violence, or other rapid changes in behavior. Many psychiatrists in the setting may also deal with patients going through drug withdrawal. They assess risks and make plans to keep patients safe.
Candice recommends the following next steps: